Unformatted text preview: MYTHS: A WAY OF KNOWTNG THE SELF
THE HERO/INE’S JOURNEY: THE OLDEST STORY KNOWN TO MAN “Myths are public dreams.” Joseph Campbell I) HERO/inc - the protagonist.
2) QUEST -« for worldly abstraction (honor, justice, immortality, knowledge). 3) RESULT~ reconciliation, acceptance of what some people never seem to question.
Psychologically he is familiar with and at ease with his unconscious, not the
victim of fears and self-expectations. Hero has self knowledge andcan live with
himself, and therefore with others. 4) OBSTACLES —- Monsters standing for (Father (F rued, Institutions), Mother
(Jung) for whatever is oppressive (the Bank in Stagecoach), These monsters often disappear when confronted fully, suggesting an internal rather than external
reality. 5) WOMEN/MEN m Help or hinder according to the hero’s ability to be independent
without rejecting them. They exist in a spectrum from the protective and
mothering to the attractive but destructive bitch-goddess. Does a “real” man
liberate women by subduing them. . . a “real “ woman liberate men by seducing
them, or does selfnknowledge liberate both? 6) TEACHERS —- men, women, tricksters (Jung); they teach only as much as the
hero/inc can assimilate at a given time. They connote teach or impart what can
only be experienced. The story of the questing hero is the oldest story known to man. Every culture has the _ same pattern. The myth of Gilgamesh —— (legendary Sumerian King, the hero of
Sumeria and Babylonian epics, the Arthurian legend: Celtic Welsh or Roman
military hero who overran Britain in the 5th century, the Roman military hero
celebrated in the recent movie, Gladiator etc. are a few examples. The story
transcends the strict dichotomies of life and death, hunger and contentment,
community and alienation, love and rejection. The Hero/inc is anyone who feels a
tension between these dichotomies that are not readily resolved by any existing myth,
and if the journey is successful, it enables the hero/inc to resolve life’s contradictions.
The journey is a continuing exploration. The new myths must be individual and each
man must ﬁnd them for himfherself. Taken Liberally from: The Hero With A Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell. ...
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- Spring '11