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new2d-1pp.ppt - Reading Question Question #1 Email...

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Unformatted text preview: Reading Question Question #1 Email [email protected] Or write and submit at end of class Announcements Essay 1 today Describe one aspect of economic globalization and consider its impact on your own life. See rubric on syllabus Review – Evaluation: Opportunity or Exploitation? Is global capitalism good or bad for the world? Adam Smith’s invisible hand: individual profit-seeking behavior unwittingly maximizes collective good Karl Marx’s profit: the value created by workers beyond what owners pay them Review – Evaluation: Opportunity or Exploitation? What’s the evidence? A mixed record Many basic indicators of material wellbeing rise over recent decades for people all over the world, such as life expectancy But gross inequalities remain, and some even grow, such as shares of world income Today – Application: Global Capitalism and HIV/AIDS Application What we’ve learned about global capitalism isn’t just academic It helps us understand phenomena in the real world One example today: HIV/AIDs through the lens of global capitalism Background – Worldwide (UNAIDS) In 2016…almost 2 million newly infected (~66% in Sub Saharan Africa) About 37 million living with HIV/AIDS 1 million AIDS-related deaths Since AIDS first identified in 1981, killed about 35 million Background – OC Care Agency) (source: Orange County Health Background – HIV/AIDS in the OC (source: Orange County Health Care Agency) Median Household Income 2016 Rate of New HIV Infections 2017 Low High Orange Medium Low Medium high Irvine Medium High Medium low High Low Santa Ana Laguna Beach Global Capitalism Origins of HIV Our question: what is the role of global capitalism in the rise and spread of HIV/AIDS? (stop 8:10) Origins Entered human population during colonial era Extraction of natural resources Lowest price for goods (timber) Exploitation of labor Lowest price for labor Urbanization/economic migration (separated from families and communities) Global Spread – increased circulations (local and global) – commodification of sex (wage labor imperative, Thai Tourist Authority) – economic dislocation (unemployment, drug use) Global Spread Global Spread James Oshea GDP/capita and Prevalence of HIV – Treatment – commodification of health care – profit imperative – competing national priorities Treatment Treatment % of Adults Living with HIV Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in 2014 Middle East & North Africa 14% Eastern Europe & Central Asia 18% Asia & the Pacific 36% Sub-Saharan Africa 43% Caribbean 44% Latin America 47% Global Capitalism & … We can understand all sorts of problems through the prism of global capitalism – – – – – – Lack of education Security Government corruption Poverty Conflict Environmental degradation ...
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