WST3 - to dictate their gender and views the formation of...

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Social construction of gender refers to the many processes by which expectations associated with being a man or women are passed down through society. Evidence of this includes that the definitions of masculinity and feminity change from culture to culture, change over time, change over the course of a person’s life time and differ within any one group, culture, or society at any one time dependent on race, class, ethnicity, gender, religion, education, and sexuality. Gender never changes, and genital is essential sign of gender. One theory that seeks to explain how gender is shaped is Role identification theory which presumes that children learn gender appropriate behaviors by identifying with the same sex parent. For example, a young girl will identify with her mother and assume that the way her mother acts and behaves is the appropriate way for her to act and behave. However there might not be a same sex parent. Second theory is Social learning theory , which stresses the environment that surrounds someone trying
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Unformatted text preview: to dictate their gender and views the formation of gender as an ongoing process of reinforcement from others. For example when a young boy does something masculine or considered to be an appropriate behavior for a boy, he may be praised for it and therefore learn that it was good and want to repeat it. If the boy does something considered being feminine, he will likely not receive praise and may even be punished for it and he will therefore not want to repeat this behavior. According to Stryker, transgender phenomena take us directly into the basic questions of the sex/gender distinction and the concept of sex/gender system. Perhaps “sex” is a category that can be attained, like a citizenship. Transgender phenomena disrupt the normative gender, and calls out attention to the process of how normativity is produced. Thus gender construction is dependent on the environment and the culture, and not necessary the biology of the body....
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2011 for the course WST 10 taught by Professor Bays during the Winter '10 term at UCLA.

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