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Unformatted text preview: Reading Question Question #1 Email [email protected] Or write and submit at end of class Announcements Fifth week! No midterm Review: Global Capitalism and HIV/AIDS Application: seeing HIV/AIDS through the lens of global capitalism helps us understand its: – – – ORIGINS SPREAD TREATMENT Seeing any real-world problem through the lens of global capitalism would help us understand it better Today – Introduction to Political Globalization Political Globalization A global polity is both easier and harder for us to imagine than a global economy Easier because we tend to be familiar with some global political institutions, such as the United Nations Harder because we tend not to be familiar with what a “ polity” is Global Polity A (global) polity consists of: – A (global) public – (Global) public interests – A (global) system of governance Global Public A public is a collective body: an imagined community, the people as a whole At the country level, the public is the nation, composed of citizens (e.g., the American people, U.S. citizens) – Red Skelton’s “Pledge of Allegiance” (1969) – At the global level, the public is the world, composed of all the countries and peoples of the world Global Public Interests Global public interests embody the stakes and claims of the global public Public interests are separate from and sometimes opposed to private interests, i.e., the interests of particular countries and/or persons Global Public Interests (1) Peace – to defend public goods (2) Development – to advance public goods Global Governance A system of governance refers to the organizations and rules that administer the public interest International organizations International law Global Governance League of Nations (1920-46) founded after WW I United Nations (1945-present) founded after WW II “ What Is the United Nations” Peace & Development (1)Peace – to defend public goods (2)Development – to advance public goods Peace and development are the main global public interests articulated in the UN Charter signed in 1945 Peace & Development WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UN DETERMINED -to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war… -to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights… -to establish conditions under which justice and respect for…international law can be maintained, -to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom, Peace & Development AND FOR THESE ENDS -to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbors… -to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security… -to ensure…that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest… -to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples…. Peace & Development Global governance is more than the United Nations Many other major IOs promote peace (e.g., the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Many other major IOs promote development (e.g., the World Bank, Amnesty International) Peace & Development International organizations and international laws (treaties) go hand in hand Treaties on peace (e.g., 2003 Accra Comprehensive Peace Agreement to end the Second Liberian Civil War) Treaties on development (e.g., 2010 Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons) Development Development is multifaceted: environmental protection, human rights, public health, labor safety, etc. Development The UN Economic & Social Development Programs promotes: (1) Advancement of women (2) Human rights (3) Macroeconomics & finance (4) Population (5) Science & technology (6) Social development (7) Sustainable development Political Globalization Question #2 ...
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