PAM 4380 january 28 2011

PAM 4380 january 28 2011 - PAM 4380: 1/28/2011 Estimating...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PAM 4380: 1/28/2011 Estimating actual causes of death: some of the details History of the field of epidemiology: Susser Next time: economic approach to public health, Cawley 2004 Announcements: Course Blackboard site is up Reading packet ready soon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Estimating “actual causes of death” Start with data on deaths by disease category (heart disease, cancer, etc.) Calculate “attributable fractions” (AFs) for Example: > 90% of all lung cancer deaths attributable to smoking More-or-less a “black box,” depending on science behind the AFs
Background image of page 2
Ingredients for the estimates of AF • Risk factor prevalence (P 0 , P 1 , …) Self-reported behaviors (smoking, alcohol, drugs, …) • Relative risk ratios (RR 1 , RR 2 , …) Vast, complicated, controversial body of research Dispute over RR for obesity, overweight Mokdad et al. cite 97 studies Some cited studies are literature reviews, meta- analyses of other studies Article has 6 pages of text
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Estimating “attributable fraction” AF i = [(P 0 + ∑ P i (RR i )) – 1] / [P 0 + ∑ P i (RR i )] P 0 = % of population not engaging in risk factor P i = % of population engaging in category i
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course PAM 4380 taught by Professor Kenkel during the Spring '08 term at Cornell.

Page1 / 16

PAM 4380 january 28 2011 - PAM 4380: 1/28/2011 Estimating...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online