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PAM_4380_march_28_2011

PAM_4380_march_28_2011 - The next `tion Taxation Steps in...

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The next ‘tion’: Taxation 3/28/2011 Steps in Health Policy Analysis 1. Describe public health issue 2. Describe current policies – today 3. Analyze role of market failures Theory (graphs) – graph on board Evidence: Wed. “The Taxes of Sin” 1. Analyze the impact of a current policies Taxes → Prices → Public health outcomes
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Taxation and Public Health Excise taxes = special taxes levied on specific goods and services Long history of excise taxes Salt taxes during Middle Ages Dutch taxes on beer, sugar, salt, spirits, and other goods called “excijsen” “a fish dish eaten in Holland pays 30 excises” Boston Tea Party Whiskey Rebellion
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Taxation and Public Health, cont. In modern times, most tax revenues come from personal and corporate income taxes, property taxes, and general sales taxes (including Value Added Taxes in many countries) Excise taxes on alcohol & tobacco still common Often, taxes account for high % of price consumers pay Not a major source of tax revenues Design Fixed amount per quantity Ad valorem = fixed % of trade price
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