Foreign Policy Cesar Deschamps.docx - Cesar Deschamps Period 4 Foreign Policy Foreign Policy of Richard Nixon Henry Kissinger He served as a foreign

Foreign Policy Cesar Deschamps.docx - Cesar Deschamps...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

Cesar Deschamps Period 4 Foreign Policy Foreign Policy of Richard Nixon Henry Kissinger: He served as a foreign policy advisor to Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. In 1969, President Nixon appointed him National Security Advisor, and Secretary of State in 1973. Kissinger received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973 for his role in ending the Vietnam War. Détente: A policy adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon to ease Cold War tensions between the United States, the Soviet Union, and the People's Republic of China. SALT II: It proposed agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union to limit certain types of nuclear arms production; also known as the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty II, it was never ratified by the United States Senate. Visit to China: Following a series of secret negotiations with Chinese leaders, Nixon traveled to Beijing in February 1972 to meet with Mao Zedong. Nixon became the first president to go to China. The visit initiated diplomatic exchanges that ultimately led to US recognition of the Communist government in 1979. Watergate: The Watergate scandal was one of the worst political scandals in the history of the United States. The scandal began when five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic Party offices on June 17, 1972 and ended with the resignation of President Richard Nixon on August 9, 1974. Foreign Policies of Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter OPEC: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum. Helsinki Accords: The Helsinki Accords were a series of agreements that were signed in August 1975, during the period of Detente , by leaders of the USA, the USSR and 35 nations who were members of NATO and the Warsaw Pact . The Helsinki Accords dealt with three main issues of cooperation, security and human rights. Under the Helsinki Accords the nations of the East and West agreed to forge cultural links aimed at bringing the USA and the USSR closer together.
Image of page 1
Panama Canal Treaty: Treaties guaranteeing that Panama would gain control of the Panama Canal after 1999, ending the control of the canal that the U.S. had exercised since 1903. PLO: Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) A political and military organization formed in 1964 to unite various Palestinian Arab groups and ultimately to bring about an independent state of Palestine. Camp David Accords: 1978 agreement brokered by President Jimmy Carter between Egyptian and Israeli leaders that made a peace treaty between the two nations possible. Iranian Revolution: Iranian Revolution, also called Islamic Revolution, a popular uprising in Iran in 1978–79 that resulted in the toppling of the monarchy on February 11, 1979, and led to the establishment of an Islamic republic.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 5 pages?

  • Spring '19
  • n/a
  • Cold War, President of the United States

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture