Cesar DeschampsPeriod 4Foreign PolicyForeign Policy of Richard NixonHenry Kissinger:He served as a foreign policy advisor to Presidents Kennedy andJohnson. In 1969, President Nixon appointed him National Security Advisor, andSecretary of State in 1973. Kissinger received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973 for his rolein ending the Vietnam War.Détente:A policy adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixonto ease Cold War tensions between the United States, the Soviet Union, and the People'sRepublic of China.SALT II:It proposed agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union to limitcertain types of nuclear arms production; also known as the Strategic Arms LimitationTreaty II, it was never ratified by the United States Senate.Visit to China:Following a series of secret negotiations with Chinese leaders, Nixontraveled to Beijing in February 1972 to meet with Mao Zedong. Nixon became the firstpresident to go to China. The visit initiated diplomatic exchanges that ultimately led toUS recognition of the Communist government in 1979.Watergate:The Watergate scandal was one of the worst political scandals in the historyof the United States. The scandal began when five men were arrested for breaking intothe Democratic Party offices on June 17, 1972 and ended with the resignation ofPresident Richard Nixon on August 9, 1974.Foreign Policies of Gerald Ford and Jimmy CarterOPEC:Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) An organization ofcountries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale ofpetroleum.Helsinki Accords: The Helsinki Accords were a series of agreements that were signed inAugust 1975, during the period of Detente, by leaders of the USA, the USSR and 35nations who were members of NATOand the Warsaw Pact. The Helsinki Accords dealtwith three main issues of cooperation, security and human rights. Under the HelsinkiAccords the nations of the East and West agreed to forge cultural links aimed at bringingthe USA and the USSR closer together.
Panama Canal Treaty:Treaties guaranteeing that Panama would gain control of thePanama Canal after 1999, ending the control of the canal that the U.S. had exercisedsince 1903.PLO:Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) A political and military organizationformed in 1964 to unite various Palestinian Arab groups and ultimately to bring about anindependent state of Palestine.Camp David Accords:1978 agreement brokered by President Jimmy Carter betweenEgyptian and Israeli leaders that made a peace treaty between the two nations possible.Iranian Revolution:Iranian Revolution, also called Islamic Revolution, a popularuprising in Iran in 1978–79 that resulted in the toppling of the monarchy on February 11,1979, and led to the establishment of an Islamic republic.