05 Landscape Architecture & Public Lands in the early 20th c - Notes

05 Landscape Architecture & Public Lands in the early 20th c - Notes

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05 Landscape Architecture & Public Lands in the early 20th c 1 in the Early 20 th Century US Forest Service 1905 National Park Service 1916 State Park Systems 1920’s Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt, U.S. President 1901 1909 revolutionized management of public lands US Forest Service 1905 Gifford Pinchot, Chief Forester Conservationists vs. Preservationists Antiquities Act 1906 Gave president power to set aside National Monuments Grand Canyon, 1908 President Teddy Roosevelt at Liberty Cap, Yellowstone – 1903 United States Forest Service Frank Waugh, Landscape Architect hired as an outside consultant to the USFS 1917, 1920’s Recreation Uses in the National Forests The Natural Style in Landscape Gardening Arthur Carhart, First Landscape Architect employed by the USFS 1919 1922 Advocate for the preservation of Wilderness
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05 Landscape Architecture & Public Lands in the early 20th c 2 Mission of the National Park Service Frederic Law Olmsted, Jr. , 1916 “to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations” Early Leadership in the National Park Service Stephen Mather First NPS Director, served 1917 1929 “Father of the National Park Service” “all of the improvements in the parks must be carefully harmonized with the landscape, and to this end, engineers trained in landscape architecture or fully appreciative of the necessity for maintaining the parks in their
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05 Landscape Architecture & Public Lands in the early 20th c - Notes

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