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06 19th Century Urban Planning in England & France

06 19th Century Urban Planning in England & France...

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19 th Century Urban Planning in England & France
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Character of farm villages in Britain, 1700’s Industrial Revolution begins late 18 th c. in Britain, continues through the 19 th c. Transition from rural villages to urban centers & dense housing for factory workers
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Robert Owen Welsh textile manufacturer & social reformer (1771-1858) Left: cotton mills at New Lanark, Scotland early 1800’s Below: plan for the socialist community of New Harmony, Indiana 1824 (not built)
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Saltaire, England Sir Titus Salt - 1853 (Salts Mill - woolen mill) Salts Mill Saltaire Park Saltaire United Reformed Church Saltaire Village River Aire
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Port Sunlight, England William H. Lever 1887 (Lever Brothers Sunlight Soap)
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Bournville, England “Factory in a Garden” George Cadbury 1879, 1893 (Cadbury Chocolate)
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Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928) Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform 1898 Republished in 1902 as Garden Cities of Tomorrow Founded the Garden Cities Association in 1899 and the Garden Cities and Town Planning Association in 1913, both of which still exist (with different names)
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"... by so laying out a Garden City that, as it grows, the free gifts of Nature - fresh air, sunlight, breathing room and playing room shall be still retained in all needed abundance"
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