08 Urban Planning in early 20th c. America

08 Urban Planning in early 20th c. America - City Planning...

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City Planning in Early 20 th -century America
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Effects of the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition American Academy in Rome, established in 1894 City Beautiful Movement in city planning & public interest in civic design McMillan Commission’s Plan of Washington, D.C., 1901
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American Academy in Rome ‘American School of Architecture in Rome’ started by architect Charles F. McKim, 1894 ‘American School of Classical Studies’ founded in 1895 by the Archeological Institute of America, focused on Italian & European culture & history Granted a national charter in 1905 Merged to form the American Academy in Rome, 1913 http://sofaarome.wordpress.com/2009/05/08/nyc-photo-exhibit-explores-architectural-work-at-the-pre-wwii-american-academy-in-rome
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The City Beautiful movement Charles Mulford Robinson World’s Columbian Exposition Journalist Wrote The Improvement of Towns & Cities or the Practical Basis of Civic Aesthetics - 1901, and Modern Civic Art, or the City Made Beautiful - 1902 “Social problems are to a large degree problems of the environment” Components: Civic art: beautification through public art Civic design: the city as a unit, organized to achieve societal goals
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08 Urban Planning in early 20th c. America - City Planning...

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