Chap 5 Flashcards - Flashcardsfor Sociology100 Chapter5...

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1Flashcards forSociology 100Chapter 5SOCIAL INTERACTION,GROUPS, ANDSOCIAL STRUCTUREAchieved statusA social position that aperson attains largelythrough his or her ownefforts.Agrarian societyThe most technologically advancedform of preindustrial society.Members are engaged primarily in theproduction of food but increase theircrop yield through technologicalinnovations such as the plow.
2Alienation.A condition ofestrangement ordissociation from thesurrounding society.Ascribed statusA social position that is assignedto a person by society withoutregard for the person’s uniquetalents or characteristics.AvatarA threedimensional model, twodimensional icon, or constructedpersonality that is assumed by theuser of an Internet site
3BureaucracyA component of formalorganization that uses rules andhierarchical ranking to achieveefficiency.BureaucratizationThe process by which a group,organization, or social movementbecomes increasingly bureaucratic.Classical theoryAn approach to the study of formalorganizations that views workers asbeing motivated almost entirely byeconomic rewards.
4CoalitionA temporary or permanentalliance geared toward a commongoal.Formal organizationA group designed for a specialpurpose and structured formaximum efficiency.

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