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Unformatted text preview: Flashcards for Sociology 100 Chapter 13 EDUCAION AND RELIGION Correspondence principle The tendency of schools to promote the values expected of individuals in each social class and to prepare students for the type of job typically held by members of their class. Creationism A literal interpretation of the Bible regarding the creation of humanity and the universe used to argue that evolution should not be presented as established scientific fact. 1 Credentialism An increase in the lowest level of education required to enter a field. Cultural universal A common belief or practice found in every culture. Denomination A large, organized religion that is not officially linked with the state or government. 2 Ecclesia A religious organization that claims to include most or all members of a society, and is recognized as the national or official religion. Education A formal process of learning in which some people consciously teach while others adopt the social role of learner. Established sect A religious group that is the outgrowth of a sect, yet remains isolated from society. 3 Hidden curriculum Standards of behavior that are deemed proper by society and are taught subtly in schools. Intelligent design (ID) The idea that life is so complex that it could have been created only by intelligent design. Liberation theology Use of a church, primarily Roman Catholicism, in a political effort to eliminate poverty, discrimination, and other forms of injustice evident in a secular society. 4 New religious movement (NRM) or cult A small, secretive religious group that represents either a new religion or a major innovation of an existing faith. Profane The ordinary and commonplace elements of life, as distinguished from the sacred. Protestant ethic Max Weber’s term for the disciplined work ethic, this‐ worldly concerns, and rational orientation to life emphasized by John Calvin and his followers. 5 Religion A unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things. Religious belief A statement to which members of a particular religion adhere. Religious experience The feeling or perception of being in direct contact with the ultimate reality, such as a divine being, or of being overcome with religious emotion. 6 Religious ritual A practice required or expected of members of a faith. Sacred Elements beyond everyday life that inspire awe, respect, and even fear. Sect A relatively small religious group that has broken away from some other religious organization to renew what it considers the original vision of the faith. 7 Secularization The process through which religion’s influence on other social institutions diminishes. Teacher‐expectancy effect The impact that a teacher’s expectations about a student’s performance may have on the student’s actual achievements. Tracking The practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on the basis of test scores and other criteria. 8 ...
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- Fall '08