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027-Whaling - The whaling industry began • Persia(present...

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Unformatted text preview: The whaling industry began: • Persia (present day-Iran): ~ about 4,000 years ago. The whalers caught whales, processed them and sold the valuable oil. • The Vikings, too, were whalers, and traveled across the Atlantic Ocean to the shore of America in pursuit of these prized creatures. • Japan: 100-200 A.D. • North coast of Spain and France: 800-1000 A.D. - watched and waited from shore - used small boats with harpoons - towed whale to shore- mostly right whales (floated)- oil, baleen, meat Soon whales in this part of the world became very scarce. American Whaling : • First started with processing of floating dead carcasses • Then progressed to killing species near shore • By 18 th century, whales were harvested off Nantucket, Cape Cod, and Long Island • 70 ports in the U.S. sent out whalers Peak year: • 1846: 736 vessels; 70,000 people • Southern Right Whale: 7500 individuals • Right Whales in N. Atlantic: 300 individuals • Right Whales in N. Pacific: 250 individuals (no signs of recovery) • Collisions with ships biggest challenge • Belugas in Canada: 2600/year taken (IWC recommended protection/ignored) • Belugas in Alaska: 1000 • Bowhead in Alaska: <2000 (both species protected as “subsidence hunting”) For many years whaling was regulated by: • Availability • Ability to catch them • Demand for oil, meat, and bone •...
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  • Summer '08
  • Decarlo,E
  • Humpback whale, Fin whale, right whales, Balaenoptera musculus Balaenoptera, Atlantic Baleen Whales, Harassing whales- boats

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027-Whaling - The whaling industry began • Persia(present...

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