027-Whaling - The whaling industry began: Persia (present...

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Unformatted text preview: The whaling industry began: Persia (present day-Iran): ~ about 4,000 years ago. The whalers caught whales, processed them and sold the valuable oil. The Vikings, too, were whalers, and traveled across the Atlantic Ocean to the shore of America in pursuit of these prized creatures. Japan: 100-200 A.D. North coast of Spain and France: 800-1000 A.D. - watched and waited from shore - used small boats with harpoons - towed whale to shore- mostly right whales (floated)- oil, baleen, meat Soon whales in this part of the world became very scarce. American Whaling : First started with processing of floating dead carcasses Then progressed to killing species near shore By 18 th century, whales were harvested off Nantucket, Cape Cod, and Long Island 70 ports in the U.S. sent out whalers Peak year: 1846: 736 vessels; 70,000 people Southern Right Whale: 7500 individuals Right Whales in N. Atlantic: 300 individuals Right Whales in N. Pacific: 250 individuals (no signs of recovery) Collisions with ships biggest challenge Belugas in Canada: 2600/year taken (IWC recommended protection/ignored) Belugas in Alaska: 1000 Bowhead in Alaska: <2000 (both species protected as subsidence hunting) For many years whaling was regulated by: Availability Ability to catch them Demand for oil, meat, and bone...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2011 for the course OCN 201 taught by Professor Decarlo,e during the Summer '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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027-Whaling - The whaling industry began: Persia (present...

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