025-Exotic species - Hawaiis Biodiversity Endemic Native...

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Endemic, Native & Exotic species Hawaii’s Biodiversity
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ENDEMIC Occurring exclusively in a given geographic area, having originated in that area through natural means. Hawaiian Cleaner Wrasse
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Rare Endemic Birds Nene
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Hawaiian Honeycreepers
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Tree Snails
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Unusual Insects & their Relatives Happy Face Spider
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Hawaiian Crickets
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Most Unique Plants Silversword
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Ohia Lehua
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Hapu Ferns
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Percent Endemism in the Hawaiian Islands Marine Algae Ferns & Fern Allies Mosses Flowering Plants Terrestrial Mollusks Marine Mollusks Insects Mammals Birds Plant or Animal Group ? ca. 25 114 225 ca. 270 24 - 34 ? 230 - 255 2 Estimated No. of Colonists 420 ca. 135 145 233 ca. 1000 ca. 1000 ca. 1000 5,000 2 Estimated No. of Native Species 13 81 70 46 91 99 30 - 45 99 100 % Endemic Species Endemic and Native Wildlife of the Hawaiian Islands
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NATIVE Occurring naturally in a given geographic area; not introduced as a consequence of human activities Turkey fish
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EXOTIC Introduced to a given geographic area as a consequence of human activities. Anemone fish
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TRANSPORT MECHANISMS FOR MARINE NONINDIGENOUS SPECIES: MARINE INVERTEBRATES Mechanism Species% Established Hull Fouling 212 90 Solid Ballast 21 90 Ballast Water 18 89 Intentional Release: Fishery 18 28 Parasites on Nonindigenous Species 8 88 Associated with Commercial Oysters (Unintentional) 7 100 Aquarium Release 3 67
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How do they arrive?
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