Lab 9 Epidemiology powerpoint

Lab 9 Epidemiology powerpoint - 4/12/2010 Objectives The...

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4/12/2010 1 Lab 9: Epidemiology Image: geo.arc.nasa.gov/sge/ health/gmhh/mexico.html Objectives The Impact of Disease Introduction to Epidemics & Epidemiology Simulated Epidemic Disease Profiling Introduction Disease and starvation have been the dominant selective pressures faced by the human species through history Far more people have died of famine and disease Far more people have died of famine and disease than ever died in any wars. Those who could survive infections or famine passed along their genes. Those who could not, did not . This simple fact determined who we are as a species today and shaped the history of the world as we know it. 70 80 90 100 Comparative Rates of Mortality: Years 1700 & 2000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 10 20 30 4 5 6 70 80 90 1 00 1700 2000 Disease in History A few epidemics important in history… Athens 430 BC - key to defeat by Sparta in Peloponnesian War - (plague or salmonella) Antonine Plague 165 AD -began the fall of the Roman Empire (measles? smallpox?) Black Death 1347 - 1/3 to 2/3 of Europe perishes (bubonic plague) Destruction of Aztec Empire 1519 Cortez conquers an empire of 30 million with just 600 Spanish soldiers (smallpox) William H. McNeill The Black Death Epidemiology bacterial disease of the flea/rat; both abundant in Medieval European cities, some forms can also be spread by breath Barbara W. Tuchman A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century Clinical high fever, lymph node swelling; 75-90% mortality rate Chronology arose in Russia, spread through Middle-East to Italy in 1347, all of Europe by 1350. 75 million dead; 1/3 to 2/3 of Europe’s pop.
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4/12/2010 2 The Impact of European Disease on America Amerindian population in Central Mexico before the landing of Cortez ~ 30 million. 50 years later
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course BIOL 101 taught by Professor Wong during the Fall '09 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Lab 9 Epidemiology powerpoint - 4/12/2010 Objectives The...

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