BioFlashCards - Kingdom Monera Prokaryotic: single-celled...

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Kingdom Monera Prokaryotic: single-celled with no nucleus. Bacteria. Autotrophs and heterotrophs. Some chemosynthetic. Bacteria roles in oceans: base of food chain, converters of nitrogen gas into useful forms for organisms, decomposers. Cyanobacteria ( stromatolites ). Kingdom Fungi Eukaryotic. Multicellular heterotrophs. No photosynthesis. Most are decomposers that live embedded in their food source, secreting digestive enzymes and absorbing products. Mushrooms, fungi, molds, lichen; mostly land, freshwater, or highest supratidal organisms: keep algae moist. Protista kingdom; Phylum Brown Algae; Diatom Autotrophic with brown accessory pigments. SiO 2 shells – found in ornate chains with spines or centric or pinnate forms. Each individual shell is covered with holes . Protista kingdom; Phylum Brown Algae Single or multicelled. Mostly autotrophic with brown accessory pigments. Diatoms (single celled, with SiO 2 shells), Kelps (oakblade kelp, feather boa kelp, giant kelp, bullwhip kelp), sea palms, rockweed. Protista kingdom; Phylum Green Algae Mostly autotrophic with chlorophyll b, β -carotene, and other carotenid accessory pigments. Sea strings, sea lettuce, ocean pin cushion. Protista kingdom; Phylum Red Algae Autotrophic; red accessory pigments. Encrusting and articulated coralline algae, brillo pad algae, Neptune’s washcloth, sea sacs, irridescent algae, nori. Kingdom Animalia Eukaryotic. Multicellular heterotrophs. Sponges, Worms, Bryzoans, Echinoderms, Arthropods, Cnidaria, Molluscs, Fish, Tunicates, Birds, Mammals, Reptiles Protista kingdom ; Phylum Unclassified ; Radiolaria Relative of amoeba. Heterotrophs. Move and feed by cellular extensions. SiO2 shell with spines for suspension feeding and holes for extrusion of cell through shell. Protista kingdom; Phylum Haptophyta; Coccolithophore Autotrophic with brown accessory pigments. All have two flagella and a haptonema structure (a third flagella used to move molecules). Single celled with CaCO 3 shells. Protista kingdom ; Phylum Unclassified; Foraminifera Relative of amoeba. Heterotrophs. Move and feed by cellular extensions. CaCO 3 shell with spines for suspension feeding and holes for extrusion of cell through shell. Kingdom Animalia; Phylum Arthropoda Segmented. Body of two or three parts. Three or more pairs of legs. Jointed appendages (pincers, mouthparts, walking legs, and swimming appendages; and two pairs of sensory antennae). Bilateral symmetry. Exoskeleton. Striated muscles. Head with pair of eyes. Most successful of all animal phyla. Subphylum Crustacea: Jawlike mandibles (30,000 species ). Copepod, barnacles, krill, isopods, amphipods, shrimp, lobsters, crab, euphasiids. Subphylum Chelicerata: Clawlike feeding appendages. Horseshoe crabs, sea spiders, (trilobites). Kingdom
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BioFlashCards - Kingdom Monera Prokaryotic: single-celled...

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