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lab 04 biodiversity - Biodiversity Biodiversity 04 Which do...

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Unformatted text preview: Biodiversity Biodiversity 04 Which do you like better? Which A B Which do you like better? Which A B Which do you like better? Which A B Which do you like better? Which A B Which do you like better? A B Which do you like better? Circa 1910 A B Which do you like better? Sugar cane A B What do you think biodiversity means? biodiversity Biodiversity What does “Bio” mean? Bio = Biodiversity Bio What does “Diversity” mean? Diversity = Variety ­ “The variety of life in all its forms, levels and combinations” Includes: ­ ecosystem diversity, species diversity, and genetic diversity • Scientists have identified more than 2 million species. Tens of millions -remain unknown •The tremendous variety of life on Earth is made possible by complex interactions among all living things. There are 3 components of biodiversity 1. 1. Diversity of genes Chihuahuas, Greyhound and Newfies are all dogs— but they're not the same because their genes are but different. different. Chihuahua Chihuahua Greyhound Newfoundland There are 3 components of There biodiversity Diversity of species. Diversity Hoary Bat Iwi Kahuli There are 3 components of There biodiversity Variety of ecosystems Variety Each one is different, with its own set of Each species living in it. species Desert Tropical Rain Forest tiaga Biodiversity has Intrinsic Value Intrinsic Value = Something that has value in and of itself Biodiversity also has utilitarian Value Value Utilitarian Value = the value something Utilitarian has as a means to another’s end. has Utilitarian values include: • Goods • Services • Information What do we get from biodiversity? biodiversity? Oxygen Food Clean Water Medicine Aesthetics Ideas Should we be concerned about biodiversity? biodiversity? What we know: The Earth is losing species at an alarming rate alarming Some scientists estimate that as many as Some 3 species per hour are going extinct and 20,000 extinctions occur each year. 20,000 when species of plants and animals go when extinct, many other species are affected. extinct, Threats to biodiversity Threats HIPPO Dilemma Habitat Loss Loss Introduced Species Species Pollution Population Growth Growth Over-consumption Biodiversity Hotspots Biodiversity • Biodiversity • Collections on O’ahu • Accreditation criteria • Apply to campus tree collections • Homework: go to a ‘Collection’ Quiz: Quiz: ­ Mammals 4,675 9,702 ­ Birds 23,250 ­ Fish 751,000 ­ Insects ­ Flowering Plants ­ Total # of species recorded ­ 421,968 1,413,000 Estimated Total # of species in the ~10 ­ 100 million species World Provide formal documentation of the world’s known biodiversity (living or dead) Museums, Zoos, Arboreta, Botanical Gardens, Public and Private Research Collections Kaena Point Foster Botanical Gardens Sea Life Park Wahiawa Lyon Arboretum Kaneohe Kailua Honolulu Hawaii Kai Koko Head Honolulu Zoo Waikiki Aquarium Waikiki Diamond Head http://www.co.honolulu.hi.us/parks/hbg/ http://www.co.honolulu.hi.us/parks/hbg/ Education Research Species distributions Species classification Conservation and recovery programs Accreditation Organization State Agency or Private Organization Community Volunteers Historical Agreements Biodiversity Collection Community Visitor Industry B.P. Bishop Museum Preserved Specimens Outdoor Circle Exceptional Trees Program City of Honolulu Hanauma Bay How are these collections evaluated? collections American Zoo and Aquarium Association Hawai`i AZA Accredited Institutions - Honolulu Zoo - Waikiki Aquarium - Sea Life Park Quality living environments High level of enrichment and care Involvement in conservation Active education programs Aesthetics Appropriate size Cages? Good signage? Structures & walkways are in good repair? Energy & Resource Conservation? An effort to improve living conditions: Under Construction — Newelephant enclosure: $6.8 million New elephant enclosure: $6.8 million Exhibits for the physical, social, and psychological well-being? Behavioral enrichment? Social Interactions? Encourage foraging by hiding food items Man­made termite mound encourages use of tools to gather food Frozen fruit treats provide entertainment Interpretive programs: Info on species conservation. Breeding programs: (ie. rare species) Participation in field conservation programs Research examining stress factors in Hawaiian honeycreepers Captive breeding of African Hornbills Good environmental education? Info on … ? - conservation issues - role of the institution - contributions to local conservation - promotion of individual stewardship Cooperative programs with institutions of higher learning? Part of UH since 1919 School support program Adult classes Attractive? Well Maintained? Does Design = Functionality? The funding for the biodiversity collection has been cut so severely that it may no longer possible to maintain all of the individuals. As curator of the collection how do manage the situation? You are the facilities manager.The director has some extra funds and wants to expand the collection instead of adding the backup water system that was identified in the master plan. You think the water system is needed to deal with a recent increase in attendance. The new public relations firm has produced some advertisements that describe the facility as “Wonderful entertainment for the whole family”. Is this the way you would want to advertise the facility? Why or why not? Your responsibility as a new intern is to take care of the 10 individuals of one species in the collection. When you arrive one morning, one of them is dead. You are relatively certain the death is the direct result of you not following procedures very carefully. Apply the AZA criteria to Medicinal Garden near Imiloa Make 5 positive observations on this biodiversity collection Make 5 “critical” observations on this biodiversity collection and suggest specific remediation Go to one of the major biodiversity collections and study it using the AZA criteria Report 5 positive observations on this biodiversity collection Report the 5 most important “critical” observations on this biodiversity collection and suggest specific remediation ...
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