lab 13 Epidemiology - Epidemiology Biology 101L Exercise 13...

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Epidemiology Biology 101L Exercise 13 Image: geo.arc.nasa.gov/sge/ health/gmhh/mexico.html
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Activity: 1. You will need to wear gloves for all class activities today. 2. Pick a random identification card up from the front desk (record this ID code in Table 3). 3. Switch cards with your partners (record your new code in Table 3). 4. Pass your card to another group and take theirs (record your final code in Table 3). 5. That’s it for now!
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Study of disease in populations Study of patterns, causes and control of disease in populations The branch of medicine that deals with the study of the causes, distribution, and control of disease in populations. The study of the spread of diseases within and between populations. What is Epidemiology?
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Hawai`i’s Department of Health (DOH)
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DOH Mission: To provide leadership to monitor, promote, protect and enhance the health and environmental well-being of people who live in Hawai ` i
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Public Health and Public Health: The science and practice of protecting and improving the health of a community Epidemiology: The branch of medicine that deals with the study of the causes, distribution, and control of disease in populations Epidemic An outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely Epidemiology
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Characteristics of an epidemic Highly contagious High mortality Spreads rapidly Unknown or poor prevention mechanism
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To Consider: Rapid fatality tends to limit the spread of a disease Mutations can quickly overcome existing immune barriers Not all countries are willing to admit there is a serious problems and this can delay containment Political recognition may hamper information gathering (e.g., Taiwan and China-SARS)
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Examples: Smallpox Hemorrhagic Fevers (e.g., Ebola, Dengue) Flu Cholera HIV/AIDS SARS Bird Flu Tuberculosis Leprosy Bubonic plague Measles and more…
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AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV (virus) attacks T-cells Weakens or eliminates immune system Susceptible to many fatal diseases Problems
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AIDS In 1983, a retrovirus, now called human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ), had been identified as the causative agent of AIDS.
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