Chapter 27 Key Terms 2

Chapter 27 Key Terms 2 - R plasmid - A bacterial plasmid...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
R plasmid - A bacterial plasmid carrying genes that confer resistance to certain antibiotics. F factor - In bacteria, the DNA segment that confers the ability to form pili for conjugation and associated functions required for the transfer of DNA from donor to recipient. The F factor may exist as a plasmid or be integrated into the bacterial chromosome. F plasmid - The plasmid form of the F factor. Transformation - (1) The conversion of a normal animal cell to a cancerous cell. (2) A change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of external DNA by a cell. horizontal gene transfer - The transfer of genes from one genome to another through mechanisms such as transposable elements, plasmid exchange, viral activity, and perhaps fusions of different organisms. binary fission - A method of asexual reproduction by “division in half.” In prokaryotes, binary fission does not involve mitosis; but in single-celled eukaryotes that undergo binary fission, mitosis is part of the process. Conjugation
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course BIO V23.0012 taught by Professor Borowsky during the Spring '10 term at NYU.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online