Brawley, Chapter 1, Competing Theories and the Evolution of Paradigms, pages 27-35

Brawley, Chapter 1, Competing Theories and the Evolution of Paradigms, pages 27-35

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Power, Money, and Trade, Brawley: Chapter 1: Competing Theories and the Evolution of Paradigms, pages 27-35 The Modern Study of International Relations: International relations got start as field within political science after World War I due to psychological, political, and emotional impact of the war Before World War I: international relations primarily concerns with diplomatic history World War I: provided impetus towards understanding international relations via more scientific methods: o Scholars wished to prevent another war o Emphasis of developing predictive and prescriptive policies The Realists Versus the Idealists: Both camps: concerned with preventing another war Idealists or utopians: worked with international law: o Saw laws as useful because they influence the way people act o Argued international law could create more peaceful society of states o Stressed choice, rationality, and potential or actual existence of harmony between individuals and between states o Continually emphasized normative goal of international peace Realists : worked with diplomatic history: o War was to be expected: was the traditional way in which states settled disputes o Stressed the importance of power in international relations o Stressed continuity in states’ behavior, especially willingness to use power to resolve differences o Considered utopians: idealistic and unrealistic o Assumed people were: selfish, greedy, interested in dominating each other The Core Assumptions of Classical Idealism: Human behavior can be perfected There exists a harmony of interests between people and between nations Therefore, war in never an appropriate way to solve disputes; instead, the underlying harmony of interests should be uncovered and emphasized If the corrects laws and institutions guide behavior, the good in humans can be evoked (thereby illuminating the harmony of interests between people and between states) Realism Emerges Dominant: (1940s,1950s, 1960s) E.H. Carr: early proponent of realism:
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Brawley, Chapter 1, Competing Theories and the Evolution of Paradigms, pages 27-35

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