poly243approachestables

poly243approachestables - APPROACHE S Idealism SUBAPPROACHE...

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APPROACHE S SUB- APPROACHE S PEOPLE ASSUMPTIONS behind the theories LEVELS ANALYSIS ISSUE Ex. Cuban Missile Crisis Idealism Classical Woodrow Wilson Perfect human behavior Harmony of interests (people share an interest in peace) Commonalities Strong normative goals Humans = innately good CORE 1. Human behaviour can be perfected 2. Harmony of interests b/t people and nations 3. War is never appropriate, harmony of interests should be emphasized 4. If the correct laws and institutions guide behaviour, the good in humans can be evoked Idiosyncratic Individual level People challenged them when WWI came around League of Nations
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APPROACHE S SUB PEOPLE Who are the scholars ASSUMPTIONS behind the theories LEVELS OF ANALYSIS ISSUE Ex. Cuban Missile Crisis Realism Won b/c WWII happened – the idealist said it never would! Classical Focus on human nature 1. Humans - will to survive – people are nasty and selfish Will to survive = will to dominate other humans and environment Creates competition to dominate, which = search for power 40’s+50’s – get power and keep it, only way to survive Traditional realist: behavioralists, believe international outcomes are determined by decisions of the states, the behaving unit Indivudual Reinhold Neiber Nasty people in the world – no harmony of interest Is there a moral obligation to get involved in WWII – good side, bad side? Theological training – people are sinners Carr British foreign officer No harmony of interest Brits believe in Harmony of interest b/c they’re at the top Others might want to change – through war? Idealism led us down a bad path o Approached things in a wrong fashion o Expected b/c - new discipline o Idealists took on the normative goal and the policy prescriptions first and ignored the prediction part and the descriptions o They attacked the 4 in the wrong order. We need to describe the world as it is, need to come up with good descriptions If we don’t know where we are now we will never get to prescriptions We need all 4, but that international relations has, so far, only focused on the last two Hans Morgenthau No universal system of morals USSR and Germany believe in different things than the US Your obligation is to your citizens Can establish laws for yourself b/c not everyone has the same value system As a leader do whatever it takes to defend your system of values International relation and domestic politics are different
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Structural mid 50’s to 80’s shift POWER Kenneth Waltz outcomes depend on the qualities of states and also on variation of structure within which their actions occur different structures permit ad cause the units of a system to change their behavior and produce a different outcome change at unit level – far reaching effect external effort, internal alignment too much power – fear of uniting against too little – take advantage change in structure leads to a change in
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poly243approachestables - APPROACHE S Idealism SUBAPPROACHE...

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