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Taking preferences Seriously (Autoguardado)

Taking preferences Seriously (Autoguardado) -...

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Taking preferences Seriously : A liberal theory of international Politics Andrew Moravcsik o three major variants of liberal theory. o Ideational liberalism: The impact of conflict or compatibility of values and identities concerning public good provision. o Commercial liberalism: The gains and losses to individuals and groups derived from transnational economic interchange. o Republican liberalism: The forms of domestic representation and resulting incentives to engage individuals in rent seeking. Core assumptions of Liberal IR theory The primacy of societal actors o Actors are rational and risk averse individuals and private groups, whose demands are given priority over politics. o Rejects automatic harmony. Introduces a measure of competition and possible existence of irrational or risk acceptant actors. o Different or complementary beliefs about the provision of public goods promote conflict or harmony respectively. o Scarcity exacerbate conflict (increase risk acceptance ), and the same is true for inequalities in social influence. o Power asymmetries give rise to rent-seeking behaviours. Representation and State Preferences o Government policy is constrained by interests and power of individuals and groups, hence representing some more fully than others. o Given this, substitutes for formal representation are sought (emigration, noncompliance or transfer of assets to new uses). o Representative institutions determine which and how social coalitions
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are represented. o Assumptions 1 &2 imply in Waltzian terms that states are “functionally differentiated”. o The support for state purposes inevitably involves trade-offs and compromising some goals. Interdependence and the national system o The realization of one state’s preference is constrained by those of other states. o These preferences can be conflictive or convergent (common action problem). o As transnational externalities exist, interdependent state preferences contrain state behaviour. o Preferences can be compatible, where coexistence exists with low conflicts.
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