Bonapartism - Weimar Republic: The form of government in...

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Weimar Republic: The form of government in Germany from 1919-1934. Named after the city were it was firt devised: Weimar, Germany. Considered a liberal democracy where sufferage was granted to every citizen. Form of government involved a president who appointed the leader of the largest parliamentary group to be chancellor. An unsecessful form of government as judges continue to rule in authoritairn style and numerous weak coaltions. Unfortunately, only two presidents ever existed in the Weimar republic Ebert and Hidenburg. The latter appointed Hitler as Chancellor which ended the republic. Weimar republic is important because electoral politics, active citizenship, and strong civil society can work against the long term survical of democractic survival. Junkers: Group of wealthy Elites, particularly present in eastern Prussia. Much of their economic success rested on economic exploitation and political power. They owned large tracts of land and used cheap labor to produce grain. They also used their political power to fight for high tarrifs in order to keep cheaper grain from coming into Germany. They were a very conservative group and resisted any change in Germany as they sought to retain power. As small powerful groups rose in the 1930s and sought a political voice, the Junkers rallied behind Hitler who promised military action, which they thought would protect the Junkers. The group came to an after WW2. They are important to comparitive politics as they held Germany back through tarrifs and cheap wages, contributing to its middle-developer status and additionally, they helped the rise of Hitler. Article 67: Article 67 of Basic Law, also known as the constructibe vote of no confidence, states that the legislature may dismiss a chancellor only when a majority of memebers simultaneously elect a successor. This prevented legistlature from appointing weak challcellor while also limiting the power of parliament. Attempted twice but only successful once. Reverse Course was a change in U.S policy towards Japan following WW2 reconstruction. Originally, Japan’s constitution granted many liberties in hopes that it would flourish as a free democracy. However, Japan was a very weak country with inflation, poverty and a growing number of left-wingers, which made it a ripe country for communism. With the US fearful of such growth, they began to tighten the reins on
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Sabetti during the Fall '08 term at McGill.

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Bonapartism - Weimar Republic: The form of government in...

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