Germany - Textbook

Germany - Textbook - Germany Large terriority and culture o...

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Germany - Large terriority and culture o Only once has the entire German culture been unified o Not today - Middle developer o Lacked central authority of France o Weaker industrial development than Britain o However, a latter start allowed for fewer industrial “false starts” and poor burearucracy o As a response they developed Institutions: Professional army and authoritarian monarchy Indentities: Ethinuic conception of nation Economic Interests: Heavy industry + labor-repressive agrigculute All of this imperalied democracy and liberalism Emphasized power, obidence and material well-being over liberalism State was heavily involved in supporting medium and small companies to compete with Britain/France. Now State is forced to back out of economy. o A country very much lacking a single unified identity Some pull of past practice: Bonn to Berlin Some new: Basic Law (Grundgestez) prevents authoritariansm - Origins of a middle developer 100BC – 1800 AD o Roman + Germanic tribes merged to create a new culture Rome brough Christianity, Latin, Roman legal code Germans: Honored based pacts of loyalty that provided political foundation for feudal kingdoms o German 8 th -12 th century
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Lots of aspiring German kings at war with each other New cities emerged Religious revival sweeps across Germany leaving Germany divided between Protestanism and Catholicism o Middle development began 17 th /18 th century German rulers could not match Britain/French success Problem was Germany was very political divied 1618: Thirty Years War devastates population and economy, ends in 1648 with Peace of Westphalia which signals Louis XIV’s acension to power. Also the inability of Germany’s nominal imperial ruler (Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor) to stop different/competiting German states and principlalites Divisions along religious lines, and economically advanced West/South vs North/East - Comp etiting Modern States 1800-1871 o Two powerful political units Austrian Empire: Southe ast Prussia: Northe ast Many other s m all states 1806: Napoleon invades, conquers, unites m a ny s m aller states under a unified legal code German lead ers respond by building larger ar mies and after Napoloen’s fall in 1815, e m erged ev en o Congress of Vienna: 1815, gre at-powers conference. Agree to give Prussia control of Rhine territories in order to keep France in check. Gave Prussia more control over Germany in total. Economicall ad anced territory as o Two groups battled for power Liberals who were e n ergized by the broad move m e nts of Europe nationalism and constitutionalism Favored large free m arkets,
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seperation of Church and state, constitutionally representative government. German nation divided into internal boundries. Limit monarch’s power by buiding new political instruments like national electoral system, parliament, written consitution. Intellectuals, professionals and middle class preferred
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Germany - Textbook - Germany Large terriority and culture o...

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