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oChina - China Imperial China was a very static system...

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China - Imperial China was a very static system, largely unchanged from 200 BC. - British + others show up mid 19 th century, poor timing for the Chinese. Manchu dynasty was weak and unable to properly respond to the West. - 1912: Sun-Yat Sen overthrows Manchu Dynasty, forms Republic of China. Forms Kuominang in 1919, originally wanted a liberal democracy but nationalist leaders of the KMT who were mostly middle/upper class felt the German model benefited them most. KMT installs a modernizing authoritarian regime. - After Sen’s death, Chiang Kai-Shek rids KMT of Communists, bring army on Long March to exterminate Communist presence in country. - In 1937, Japan attacks China – forces KMT to focus on invading army. Post WW2, KMT tired of fighting, allowing CCP to fomr People’s Republic of China. KMT flees to Taiwan (See p. 278).
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- CPP forms totalitarisn party-state. Rise to power can be attributed to Mao Zedong spreading this thinking to the country- side peasants during the long march (believed not enough labor in cities to have Soviet-style uprising).
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