Readings - Provider to Enabler Burch and Wood Pre-1980s,...

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Provider to Enabler Burch and Wood - Pre-1980s, most countries = Welfare states o This had recently changed. The text explains when, how and why it all took place - To change a state we must change the thinking of the elites o Advisers, policy makers, other key figures A change in the economic, social and political environements along with enough time to break away from the current orthodoxy is needed to for the elites to reorder the beliefs and assumptions that guide their world. - Old Orthodoxy and Postwar provider state o Postwar turned many states into “Provider/Cradle to grave” states. This was considered “Concensus politics” meaning agreement across the political spectrum on both economic and social ideas o Marked by heavy Keynesian economics. State intervention with the central aim to encourage ecnomic growth so as to sustain full employment. Three ways of stimulating growth Changes in taxation Spending on public works Manipulation of interest rates Concensus for Macro, some debate in Mirco on nationalism o Big social programs for education, health, housing, social insurance, ect. Belief that citizens have social/political rights and that wealth should be redistributed among citizens to create a more equal society o All of this lead to a more active role for the state than history had ever seen - Four Key features of a provider stat e o Not only m a ng ed econo my but also provided so m e of the b asi s ervices upon which the econo my d ep ended. Public transport, en ergy supply o Range of welfare b en efits and public s ervices o Supplied directly to citizens through Central govern m ent dep art m ents Local govern m ent Variety of appointed boards and quasi-autono mous non-govern m ental organizsations (quangos) o Syste m of accountabibilty bas ed on traditional m a nn ers such as accountable to parliam ent or county Notable that a new state had be en created without n ew forms of accoutanbility
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- To help with this new state, a new form of policy making best descrbed as consultative came forth. o Advisory committees with experts advised Minsters to help make national economic planning - Postwar concensus weakens in late 1960s/early 1970s o Gradual but persisntet change in Elite perceptions - When and when was the old orthodoxy questioned o A major cause of the decline of the orthodoxy was its failure to produce predictable results. o Although the economy expanded during the 50s/60s, it grew slower than other economies who experienced a greater rate of growth and an increase in the share of o This decline was seen as chronic as both quality and price were uncompetitive in the world market - At the Marco Level, the issue of inflation, especially wage inflation, needed to be dealth with. At the Micro level, numerous firms needed to be remodeled. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Sabetti during the Fall '08 term at McGill.

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Readings - Provider to Enabler Burch and Wood Pre-1980s,...

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