Small - Weimar Republic: The form of government in Germany...

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Weimar Republic : The form of government in Germany from 1919-1934. Named after the city were it was first devised: Weimar, Germany. Considered a parliamentary republic, it brought liberal democracy to Germany with suffrage being granted to every citizen. Form of government involved a president who appointed the leader of the largest parliamentary group to be chancellor. An unsuccessful form of government – growing number of extremist political parties committed to destroying the republic and the failure of the center-right parties to hold this all together, resulting in numerous weak and inefficient coalitions (ADD MORE REASONS FOR FAILURE). Unfortunately, only two presidents ever existed in the Weimar republic Ebert and Hindenburg. The latter appointed Hitler as Chancellor who brought an end to multi-party democracy by establishing a one-party rule, effectively ending ended the republic. Weimar republic is important because electoral politics, active citizenship, and strong civil society can work against the long-term survival of democratic survival. Junkers : Group of wealthy Elites, particularly present in eastern Prussia. Much of their economic success rested on economic exploitation and political power. They owned large tracts of land and used cheap labor to produce grain. They dominate high civil offices (both Bismark and Hindenburg were Junkers) and officer corps using their power to fight for high tariffs in order to keep cheaper grain from coming into Germany. They were a very conservative group and resisted any liberal change in Germany as they sought to retain power. As small powerful groups rose in the 1930s and sought a political voice, the Junkers rallied behind Hitler who promised military action, which they thought would protect the Junkers. The group came to an after WW2. They are important to comparative politics as they held Germany back through tariffs and cheap wages, contributing to its middle-developer status and additionally; they helped the rise of Hitler. (USE BOTH NAMES!) Article 67 : Article 67 of Basic Law, also known as the constructive vote of no confidence, states that the legislature may dismiss a chancellor only when a majority of members simultaneously elect a successor. This was a response to the days of the Weimar republic Chancellors came and went without sufficient support from the minority legislature. This policy prevents the appointment of weak chancellors while also limiting the power of parliament. Attempted twice but only successful once. Reverse Course was a change in U.S policy towards Japan following WW2 reconstruction. Originally, Japan’s constitution granted many liberties in hopes that it would flourish as a free democracy. However, Japan was a very weak country with inflation, poverty and a growing number of left-wingers, which made it a ripe country for communism. With the largest Russia, the newly communist China and the Korean war, the US feared Japan would be part of the Communist domino effect. Thus, they began to tighten
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Small - Weimar Republic: The form of government in Germany...

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