Test #2 - Weimar Republic: The form of government in...

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Weimar Republic : The form of government in Germany from 1919-1934. Named after the city were it was first devised: Weimar, Germany. Considered a parliamentary republic, it brought liberal democracy to Germany with suffrage being granted to every citizen. Form of government involved a president who appointed the leader of the largest parliamentary group to be chancellor. An unsuccessful form of government – growing number of extremist political parties committed to destroying the republic and the failure of the center-right parties to hold this all together, resulting in numerous weak and inefficient coalitions (ADD MORE REASONS FOR FAILURE). Unfortunately, only two presidents ever existed in the Weimar republic Ebert and Hindenburg. The latter appointed Hitler as Chancellor who brought an end to multi-party democracy by establishing a one-party rule, effectively ending ended the republic. Weimar republic is important because electoral politics, active citizenship, and strong civil society can work against the long-term survival of democratic survival. Article 67 : Article 67 of Basic Law, also known as the constructive vote of no confidence, states that the legislature may dismiss a chancellor only when a majority of members simultaneously elect a successor. This was a response to the days of the Weimar republic Chancellors came and went without sufficient support from the minority legislature. This policy prevents the appointment of weak chancellors while also limiting the power of parliament. Attempted twice but only successful once. Reverse Course was a change in U.S policy towards Japan following WW2 reconstruction. Originally, Japan’s constitution granted many liberties in hopes that it would flourish as a free democracy. However, Japan was a very weak country with inflation, poverty and a growing number of left-wingers, which made it a ripe country for communism. With the largest Russia, the newly communist China and the Korean war, the US feared Japan would be part of the Communist domino effect. Thus, they began to tighten the reins on Japan’s liberties: Public workers lost the right to strike, laws against monopolies and the Zaibatsu were weakened and 1950 involved the “Red Purge.” This policy strengthen right-wing politics in Japan and made the U.S/Japan relations even closer, making Japan the corner stone of U.S policy in Asia and Japan more dependent on the U.S. It also strengthened right wing elements of Japanese society as seen with the
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prolonged rule of the conservative Liberal Democratic Party of Japan from 1955-onwards (with some brief interludes). Article 9 is a clause in the National Constitution of Japan that prohibits an act of war by the state. It came into effect in 1947 and bans the settlement of conflict through force, preferring a pacifist style. In order to maintain this policy, Japan states that it will not maintain an army, however, it does have a large and well-trained self-defense force. This decision may have actually benefitted the Japanese economy – with the US promising
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2011 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Sabetti during the Fall '08 term at McGill.

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Test #2 - Weimar Republic: The form of government in...

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