soc+final - Running head: CHILDREN AND POVERTY IN AMERICA 1...

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Running head: CHILDREN AND POVERTY IN AMERICA 1 Children and Poverty in America Tonya Abern SOC/120 April 3, 2011 Kimberley Stephens
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CHILDREN AND POVERTY IN AMERICA 2 Children and Poverty in America Poverty is something that is growing rapidly in the United States, increasing by the thousands daily. In America poverty affects all nationalities and every gender. People do not realize that women and children are 55 percent of the population of poor individuals in America. Unfortunately this pattern of poverty is handed down through generations, making it even more difficult to change the level of poverty (Macionis, 2006). Children are affected by poverty in many ways, and are directly caused by the women in poverty. Children are exposed to declined health, lack of food, shelter, education, and the basic needs to survive. There is also a higher rate of violence in their lives. This violence is often from domestic violence suffered by the women in their lives. It seems that women in poverty situations will stay in volatile situations. Remaining in situations out of desperation and wanting to have a roof over the heads of their children and themselves. The women with children are affected most by poverty because, even though the women held jobs, they made too much to get assistance, and too little to support their children. The encyclopedia of Women and Gender states “Individualistic beliefs focus on personality attributes. These beliefs include irresponsibility, lack of discipline and effort, or lower ability and talent. Structuralistic beliefs incorporate the larger socioeconomic system such as low wages for some jobs, poor schools, prejudice, discrimination, and job availability. Fatalistic beliefs, as to the reasons for a person's poverty status focus on such things as bad luck, chance, and fate” (Poverty and Women in the United States, 2001). Health care is vital to these women, especially during pregnancy. A woman that cannot afford medical attention during pregnancy, sometimes the unborn child is the one that suffers the most. Born with health problems that will continue because of the
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CHILDREN AND POVERTY IN AMERICA 3 lack of treatment, because there is no money to pay for medical insurance. Health problems can range anywhere from asthma to schizophrenia. All because a woman, that is a single mother, is unable to afford insurance (Poverty and Women in the United States, 2001). Due to changes in The Department of Social and Health Services or DSHS, families were not allowed to remain on assistance, unless they had a child under two years old. Not without jumping through many hoops and dealing with red tape from the bureaucrats running the system. There also was a time limit on how long a family could receive TANF, which is assistance for
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soc+final - Running head: CHILDREN AND POVERTY IN AMERICA 1...

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