CHILDREN AND POVERTY IN AMERICA
Children and Poverty in America
Poverty is something that is growing rapidly in the United States, increasing by the
thousands daily. In America poverty affects all nationalities and every gender. People do not
realize that women and children are 55 percent of the population of poor individuals in America.
Unfortunately this pattern of poverty is handed down through generations, making it even more
difficult to change the level of poverty (Macionis, 2006). Children are affected by poverty in
many ways, and are directly caused by the women in poverty.
Children are exposed to declined health, lack of food, shelter, education, and the basic
needs to survive. There is also a higher rate of violence in their lives. This violence is often from
domestic violence suffered by the women in their lives. It seems that women in poverty
situations will stay in volatile situations. Remaining in situations out of desperation and wanting
to have a roof over the heads of their children and themselves. The women with children are
affected most by poverty because, even though the women held jobs, they made too much to get
assistance, and too little to support their children.
The encyclopedia of Women and Gender states “Individualistic beliefs focus on
personality attributes. These beliefs include irresponsibility, lack of discipline and effort, or
lower ability and talent. Structuralistic beliefs incorporate the larger socioeconomic system such
as low wages for some jobs, poor schools, prejudice, discrimination, and job availability.
Fatalistic beliefs, as to the reasons for a person's poverty status focus on such things as bad luck,
chance, and fate” (Poverty and Women in the United States, 2001). Health care is vital to these
women, especially during pregnancy.
A woman that cannot afford medical attention during pregnancy, sometimes the unborn
child is the one that suffers the most. Born with health problems that will continue because of the