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Unformatted text preview: H IST 124 Exam 2 Study Guide Identifications: 1. Central Place Theory a. Central Place Theory is a theory of urban development that is based on the idea that a growing countryside will create its central city. b. This idea is extremely similar to Von Thunen’s idea of the Isolated State. The theory predicts that a series of agricultural zones will evolve around a town, and with increasing distance from town the land would progressively be given up to products cheap to transport in relation to their value. c. During the planning and development of the city of the Chicago, the city’s boosters promoted Chicago partially on the basis of its natural advantages, one of which was Chicago’s ability to be a market center. Chicago’s hinterlands provided the city with a series of agricultural zones similar to the Central Place Theory. d. But, if we study the city’s growth it is easy to see that the Central Place Theory, comparatively, is profoundly static and ahistorical. Like the boosters of Chicago promoted, instead of the hinterlands promoting the city, the city also promoted the hinterlands creating the booming market that came to be one of Chicago’s great advantages. e. Significance i. Central Place Theory HALP ii. The Great West of the nineteenth century was a much more diverse and complicated landscape than these broad zones suggest, and the sweeping abstractions of an idealized geography do little justice to the different historical experiences of the real people who lived within it. 2. Sharecropping in the New South a. After the civil war ended and reconstruction began one of the big questions that arose was what system of labor should replace slavery. Sharecropping, an arrangement between landowners and tenants was the answer. b. Landowners cut up their land in 30 to 50 acre plots. Each plot was rented out to a freedman, who was given all the tools and seed needed to farm the land. The freedman would work the land, raise the crop, and when the crop was harvested half of it would go to the landowner. c. Although this new system of labor was mutually beneficial it caused a monocultural society focused entirely on cotton. d. Without thinking of long term consequences sharecropping led to a stagnant farming community, a stagnant economy, and the depletion of the soil. 3. Hydraulic mining in wake of Gold Rush a. In the wake of the California Gold Rush, place mining gave way to corporate mining, which came in the form of a new technology called hydraulic mining. b. I t was Edward Matteson who discovered that gold could be easily unleashed from empty riverbeds if a sufficient amount of water was run through it. c. This new technology freed the same amount of gold that would have taken miners with picks and shovels weeks to attain....
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2010 for the course HIST 124 taught by Professor Pamelamack during the Fall '08 term at Clemson.
- Fall '08