333 2-6 - organized workers movements Catalonians were able...

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Mitch Garrett HIST 333 7 February 2011 Restoration Spain The Restoration government was led by Antonio Canovas who was head of the Liberal Conservative party (an heir to the Moderados). The nature of his government was to maintain stability and control. The Constitution he drew up was a compromise between the old Moderado constitution and the Progresistas. It allowed for practice of non-catholic ceremonies in private residences, a bicameral legislature according to the Moderados, and limited suffrage therefore giving many powers to the monarch. After making sure each party was treated fairly, the Restoration government consisted of two organized parties which ruled the political system. Spain saw major population growth during this period and particularly in its cities. As the cities grew and transportation improved, peasants were becoming less detached from politics and began to question the system. The caciquismo system was under intense scrutiny for not listening to the people. The system began to fall apart for mainly two reasons: Catalan nationalism and
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Unformatted text preview: organized workers movements. Catalonians were able to unite for a single cause under the leadership of Valenti Almirall and garner enough votes to take a place in Madrid. As labor movements organized, they were able to undermine caciques in towns as well. The Restoration government created a haven for intellectuals, most notably Freidrich Krauss. His philosophy, derived from Kant, was that morality was most important in human relations. Although it did not call on any faith to legislate morality, it did lead to a wider acceptance of church controlled education. Soon laws followed which required rectors to evaluate curriculum so that it was in line with Catholic doctrine. Francisco Giner de los Rios responded to this by creating a private schooling system, Instituto Libre de Ensenanza, not run by the church which emphasized experiencing as well as listening to lectures....
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