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Unformatted text preview: Mitch Garrett HIST 333 14 February 2011 Modern State-Building People in Spain identified mostly with the regions rather than the nation as a whole. 4 reasons exist why there was any ethno-patriotic sentiment: 1. Catholicism, 2. Strong xenophobia (mainly against England and France), 3. Eurocentrism (mainly during the decline of the empire which spread to the Americas), 4. Self-pitying tone for its victimization of combat with other European nations. The War of Independence gave Spaniards a myth to believe they were one nation. Underdevelopment of Spain during the Romantic period made other European nations idealize the exoticness of Spain. They saw in Spain a people with strong cultural traditions despite a less developed political system and economy. From the outside, Spain was seen as a nation which eventually rubbed off on the Spanish people themselves. Obstacles to Liberal Nationalism The constant shifting of power from Liberal regimes to autocracy and monarchy to republic thwarted many attempts at establishing a legitimate nationalist sentiment. Also, the neutrality of Spain during many major European wars took away the opportunity for patriotism through a war-time struggle. The constant debt further hurt nationalist feelings as the state could not provide much to its citizens. It spent the majority of its budget paying back debt and only the minimum for salaries, a few civil servants, and royal housing. The monarchy held onto power by avoiding nationalist sentiment and therefore massive popular movements. It therefore relied on elitism and shafted the lower class. In the end, the church provided the strongest nationalist link in Spain. It was the one thing that most of the population believe in and contained very strong emotional elements which can't be ignored or abandoned. ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course HISTORY 333 taught by Professor Ingraham during the Spring '11 term at Saint Louis.
- Spring '11