Intro IP Class Notes

Intro IP Class Notes - International Relations and...

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International Relations and You 8/26/08 (Lecture Notes) What we need for our well being: -food -shelter -water -income-economic system -security -religion -education -These things turn into institutions that ensure our well being 5 Objectives *We live in a system made up of relatively sovereign states/history ending this idea *Use paradigms and balance of power to understand actions *Idealist v. Realist *Course is used as a warning *Think about your own view in regards to the US role in International Relations International Relations As An Academic Concern-Levels of Analysis 9/2/08 Outline: I. Intro Concerns of Political Science II. III. Levels of Analysis Theory IV. Levels of Analysis: Case of the Gulf War V. Paradigm Theory VI. Paradigm : Case of Islam VII. Conclusion: Utility of Theory Concerns of Political Science *Anarchy and Security Dilemma -Realist perspective international politics is different from domestic politics -Liberal: Intermistic *Order -Conflict and Cooperation *Constraints -Interdependence -Domestic politics ------------------------------------- *Politics is not something that can be isolated -cannot pull things out *Vietnam v. Iraq -Conflicts finished and conflicts going on *Ratiocination
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-in application to PoliSci its hard to find patterns -things are not as they seem Ex: NATO during the Cold War -Layer Cake defense -Really putting a barrier between Russia and Germany -Russia wanted NATO *Facts are not clear/in doubt/just don’t know -Did Saddam have WMD??? *Few have emotional commitment to Freezing v. Boiling Point -We care about political facts -We are compromised by our emotional connection to one set of facts -We approach as a Lawyer-not good science *We look at it like science *Start off by observing facts *We link facts together through a hypothesis Ex: US defense budget falls-Latin America defense rises -US wants per unit cost of defense equipment to fall thus multinational corporations sell equipment oversees *Theory becomes law-must be proven true -”if then” statements -no confirmed laws of PoliSci Almost Laws: *Iron Law of Oligarchy: any group setting-power will devolve to the few *Democratic Peace: two democracies will not fight each other -we can use these theories and find “manipulable variables” -identify prominent factors-take it and apply to other situations Ex: Iran overheating its economy up to 1984-revolution Mexico finds oil wealth and uses a more gradual path -manipulable variable was found and used *Soft science because of two central weaknesses -Problem of Perspective-cannot see everything all at once -Problem of Perception-same facts can lead to different observations Levels of Analysis Theory Fact: datum from experience *Help us overcome the problem of perspective *To identify these levels we ask three questions: *What is the basic unit of analysis? -nation states
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Intro IP Class Notes - International Relations and...

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