01MesopotamiaEgypt - 3.Pyramids are symbol of power,...

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Origins of the West: Mesopotamia and Egypt Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 2-24 I.Mespotamia and Egypt, c. 2000 B.C. A.Gods and Goddesses of the River Valley 1.Creation from divine wrath 2.Gods are nearly indecipherable 3.Priests/priestesses help to interpret/placate 4.Sargon uses religion to unite people 5.All share fear of the gods, pessimism about universe B.Writing and Ruling 1.Writing begins with accounting 2.Written records expand to include math, stories, poetry 3.Expansion of trade, commerce leads to demand for uniform law 4. Code of Hammurabi leaves written record of ideals of justice 5.Kings rule independent states in a divided land II.Rule of the God-King: Ancient Egypt, ca. 3100 - 1000 B.C. A.Old Kingdom (2700 – 2181 B.C.) 1.Abundance of crops and wealth 2.King and god combine
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Unformatted text preview: 3.Pyramids are symbol of power, immortality 4.Rituals indicate belief in prosperous afterlife B.Changing Political Fortunes, ca. 2200 - 1570 B.C. 1.Climate changes again 2.Famine leads to political upheaval 3.Middle Kingdom restores peace 4.Kings conquer Nubia, continue Mediterranean trade C.Political Expansion: The New Kingdom, 1570 - 1085 B.C. 1.Pharaohs rebuild an empire 2.Hatshepsut argues for isolation 3.Succeeding pharaohs return to previous style (grand building, etc) 4.Akhenaten, ca. 1377 - 1360 B.C. tries worship of a single god, causes turmoil D.Twilight of the Egyptian Empire, 1360 - ca. 1000 B.C. 1.Worship of the old gods, frontiers restored 2.Libyans and Nubians invade the Nile valley 3.Western civilization moves to other regions...
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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