02RiseofEmpires

02RiseofEmpires - BC 4.Hebrew Contributions to civilization D.Growth of Empires Age of Iron 1.leads to need for armies greater resources

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Lecture Two: The Rise of Empires Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 24-39 I.Phoenicians: Traders on the Sea A.Trade with Egypt and Mesopotamia B.Primary trade objects are cedar trees and dye C.Largest “civilizing” contribution is alphabet (writing expands to more classes) D.Culture spreads to far western Mediterranean, then disappears II.People of the One God: Hebrews A.Initial History 1.Begin with Abraham out of Ur 2.Semi-nomadic tribe, led by patriarchs 3.Not politically powerful, though Hebrew scriptures record laws, wisdom, history 4.Judges rule tribes 5.Hebrews then establish a Kingdom, leads to success 6.Kingdom divides after Solomon B.Religions: A Jealous God 1.Yahweh demands exclusive worship 2.Hebrew Laws (Ten Commandments, dietary restrictions, etc.) 3.Prophets preach responsibility 4.Faithlessness leads to punishment C.Judaism in Exile 1.Assyrians conquer Israel (722 BC) 2.Babylonians conquer Judah (c. 600 BC), destroy temple 3.Persians eventually let Jews return to Jerusalem and rebuild temple (515
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Unformatted text preview: BC) 4.Hebrew Contributions to civilization D.Growth of Empires: Age of Iron 1.leads to need for armies, greater resources 2.Instability and decentralization (1200-900 BC) gives way to control by Assyrian Kingdom 3.Assyrians are ruthless, powerful, and centralized III.Rule by Terror: The Assyrians A.Problems of governing (expand borders, administer multi-ethnic empire) B.Aramaic administrative language C.Use terror to control, which results in rebellion D.Alliance by Medes, Babylonians, Egyptians results in fall of Assyrian Empire (612 BC) IV.Babylonian Rule A.After defeating Assyrians, Babylonians remain B.Expand into Judah, destroy temple C.Nebuchadnezzar funds great city D.Famed mathematics and astronomy V.Persian Empire Succeeds A.Cyrus and the Persians conquer the Medes, Babylon falls B.Persian administration is tolerant, retains use of Aramaic C.Adopt coinage for trade...
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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02RiseofEmpires - BC 4.Hebrew Contributions to civilization D.Growth of Empires Age of Iron 1.leads to need for armies greater resources

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