23_intelligence_meaning_and_history

23_intelligence_meaning_and_history - What is Intelligence?...

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Unformatted text preview: What is Intelligence? Twenty-five established researchers of intelligence published the following full-page ‘d eclaration’ in the Wall Street Journal (Dec. 13, 1994): History of Intelligence Intelligence first measured by pressure-causing-pain device (Cattell, 1890) History of Intelligence Skull-size indicates intelligence (Broca, late 1800’s) In te llig e n c e is a v e r y g e n e r a l m e n ta l c a p a c ity th a t, a m o n g o th e r th in g s , in v o lv e s th e a b ility to r e a s o n , p la n , s o lv e p r o b le m s , th in k a b s tr a c tly , c o m p r e h e n d c o m p le x id e a s , le a r n q u ic k ly a n d le a r n fr o m e x p e r ie n c e . It is n o t m e r e ly b o o k le a r n in g , a n a r r o w a c a d e m ic s k ill, o r te s t-ta k in g s m a r ts . R a th e r it r e fl e c ts a b r o a d e r a n d d e e p e r c a p a c ity fo r c o m p r e h e n d in g o u r s u r r o u n d i n g s – ‘c a t c h i n g o n ’ , ‘ m a k i n g s e n s e ’ o f things, or ‘ fi guring out’ what to do.” Women have smaller skulls than men. Native Americans and Africans have smaller skulls than European men. 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 History of Intelligence Paris Minister of Public Instruction commissioned Alfred Binet & Theodore Simon to identify students needing additional help in school. History of Intelligence Terman (of Standford) adapts Binet’s test for U.S., resulting in the Standford-Binet IQ test History of Intelligence Charles Spearman’s 1 factor (g) Raymond Cattell’s 2 factors Models with more factors of intelligence IQ = 100 * mental age chronological age 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 DevPsy.org ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2011 for the course PSYC 4070 taught by Professor Rosenthal during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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