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Unformatted text preview: What is Intelligence?
Twenty-ﬁve established researchers of intelligence published the following full-page ‘d eclaration’ in the Wall Street Journal (Dec. 13, 1994): History of Intelligence
Intelligence ﬁrst measured by pressure-causing-pain device (Cattell, 1890) History of Intelligence
Skull-size indicates intelligence
(Broca, late 1800’s) In te llig e n c e is a v e r y g e n e r a l m e n ta l c a p a c ity th a t, a m o n g o th e r th in g s , in v o lv e s th e a b ility to r e a s o n , p la n , s o lv e p r o b le m s , th in k a b s tr a c tly , c o m p r e h e n d c o m p le x id e a s , le a r n q u ic k ly a n d le a r n fr o m e x p e r ie n c e . It is n o t m e r e ly b o o k le a r n in g , a n a r r o w a c a d e m ic s k ill, o r te s t-ta k in g s m a r ts . R a th e r it r e ﬂ e c ts a b r o a d e r a n d d e e p e r c a p a c ity fo r c o m p r e h e n d in g o u r s u r r o u n d i n g s – ‘c a t c h i n g o n ’ , ‘ m a k i n g s e n s e ’ o f things, or ‘ ﬁ guring out’ what to do.” Women have smaller skulls than men. Native Americans and Africans have smaller skulls than European men. 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 History of Intelligence
Paris Minister of Public Instruction commissioned Alfred Binet & Theodore Simon to identify students needing additional help in school. History of Intelligence
Terman (of Standford) adapts Binet’s test for U.S., resulting in the Standford-Binet IQ test History of Intelligence
Charles Spearman’s 1 factor (g) Raymond Cattell’s 2 factors Models with more factors of intelligence IQ = 100 * mental age chronological age 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 DevPsy.org ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2011 for the course PSYC 4070 taught by Professor Rosenthal during the Spring '10 term at LSU.
- Spring '10
- Developmental Psychology