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14_attachment_theory - Secure “It is easy for me to...

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Attachment Theory Bowlby’s Attachment Theory described how children go from a physical form of attachment to an adult-like abstract kind of attachment. Preattachment (birth to 6 weeks): innate signals like crying are reassured Attachment-in-the-Making (6 weeks to 6 - 8 months): infants have expectations of responses by their caregivers Clear-cut Attachment (6 - 8 months to 1.5 - 2.0 years): separation anxiety from leaving secure base Goal Corrected (Reciprocal) Relationships (1.5 - 2.0 years to 3 years and up): regulate emotions to parent leaving because of understand parents’ intentions. Abstract Attachment (early childhood through adulthood) Original Descriptions of Attachment Styles (as understood in adulthood) created by Kim Bartholomew and Leonard Horowitz (1991).
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Unformatted text preview: Secure: “It is easy for me to become emotionally close to others. I am comfortable depending on them and having them depend on me. I don’t worry about being alone or having others not accept me.” Insecure-Avoidant: “I am uncomfortable getting close to others. I want emotionally close relationships, but I find it difficult to trust others completely, or to depend on them. I worry that I will be hurt if I allow myself to become too close to others.” Insecure-Anxious : I want to be completely emotionally intimate with others, but I often find that others are reluctant to get as close as I would like. I am uncomfortable being without close relationships, but I sometimes worry that others don’t value me as much as I value them....
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