Chapter 1 - 01/21/10 01/26/10 02/02/10 Chapter 1:...

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Unformatted text preview: 01/21/10 01/26/10 02/02/10 Chapter 1: Introducing Child Development AKA Here is what youre dealing with CD Quiz Question #4: False. Imprinting is actually an emotional connection MDL CM 884271 MVC 14471705 I. Defining Child Development Child Development a scientific study of development and growth from conception to maturity Includes: o Physical development o Emotional development o Cognitive development o Social development II. Historical Views Aristotle o Perceptual experience: knowledge acquired piece by piece via the senses; (learn and mature through senses and environment) Plato (Aristotles student) o Innate knowledge (biological POV): concrete objects and abstract concepts (e.g., love) o Unfolds over time John Locke o Children as tabula rasa a blank slate experience molds the child o * NOT IN NOTES: Kind of started the advocating of conditioning (associating things together) o Reward, instruct, discipline Jean Jacque Rosseau o Innate knowledge: sense of morality and justice o * Differed from Locke from saying that care of a child is better than conditioning a child III. Emergence of a New Science Industrial Revolution o * Children were brought into the factories to help o Bad working conditions for children o * Advocates of child welfare started revolting Darwins Work o Analogues drawn between species adaptation over time and human development over time o Led to Baby Biographies systematic observations of children and their behaviors (as individuals) o Key Aspect of Science : Systematic Observation and Testing IV. Purpose and Function of Theories A. Theories and Hypotheses o Theories : general explanations of phenomena (EG Piagets theory of development o Hypotheses : testable predictions derived from theories (EG when children have a lot of friends, they have a higher self-esteem; if-then statements) B. Theory Function o * Take the info you find (through research or any other means) and organize them o Organization of knowledge V. Developmental Perspectives Biological Perspective o Natural/spontaneous unfolding of a biological plan DNA, genes, etc. o Emergence of abilities over time Examples of Biological Theories: 1. Maturational Theory: development is an unfolding of a pre-arranged hereditary plan (i.e. as children MATURE, they gain abilities) Ethological Theory: behaviors occur because they are adaptive help survival (crying, grasping, etc.)behaviors occur because they are adaptive help survival (crying, grasping, etc....
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2011 for the course PSYC 2350 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '08 term at University of Houston.

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Chapter 1 - 01/21/10 01/26/10 02/02/10 Chapter 1:...

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