Chapter 6 - Theories of Cognitive Development

Chapter 6 - Theories of Cognitive Development - Chapter 6:...

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02/25/10 Chapter 6: Did You Ever Stop to Think, And Forget to Start Again?” - Winnie the Pooh! AKA Theories of Cognitive Development I. Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Theory “Classical” theory of cognitive development Children as little scientists o Create and test theories about the world o Learn via trial and error experimentation Leaning involves 3 processes: o Assimilation – new experiences incorporated into existing theories (pull things in and place them in there) in order for this to happen, new experience can’t be very different from that. If it IS different then the next 2 process kick in o Accommodation – new experiences prompt slight modifications of the existing theories. o Equilibration major re-organization of existing theories (to get back to equilibrium) due to too many inconsistent facts (disequilibrium) - Happens 3 TIMES during development = 4 STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Sensorimotor Stage (birth – 2 years old) o Use senses and motor skills to help them develop o From reflexes to symbolic processing o Three major accomplishments: 1. Exploring the environment - Accidental results (4-8 months)
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Chapter 6 - Theories of Cognitive Development - Chapter 6:...

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