Chapter 4 - Social Perception

Chapter 4 - Social Perception - Chapter 4 Social...

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Chapter 4 – Social Perception: How We Come to Understand Other People Nonverbal Behavior Social perception – the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences about other people. Nonverbal communication – the way in which people communicate, intentionally or unintentionally, without words; nonverbal cues include facial expressions, tone of voice, gestures, body position and movement, the use of touch, and gaze. Mirror neurons – neurons that respond when we perform an action and when we see someone else perform that same action. Facial Expressions of Emotion Encode – to express or emit nonverbal behavior such as smiling or patting on the back Decode – to interpret the meaning of the nonverbal behavior other people express, such as deciding that a pat on the back was an expression of condescension and not kindness. Some universal emotions: anger, fear, disgust, happiness, surprise, and sadness. Decoding facial expressions accurately is more complicated than we have indicated for three reasons. Affect blend - a facial expression in which one part of the face registers one emotion while another part of the face registers a different emotion. Culture and the Channels of Nonverbal Communication Display rules – culturally determined rules about which nonverbal behaviors are appropriate to display. Emblems – nonverbal gestures that have well understood definitions within a given culture; they usually have direct verbal translations, such as the “OK” sign. Social role theory – the theory that sex differences in social behavior are due to society’s division of labor between the sexes; this division leads to differences in gender-role expectations and sex-typed skills, both of which are responsible for
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2011 for the course PSYC 2380 taught by Professor Bush during the Spring '10 term at University of Houston.

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Chapter 4 - Social Perception - Chapter 4 Social...

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