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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Methodology I Theories and Hypotheses...

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01/27/10 02/01/10 Chapter 2: Methodology I. Theories and Hypotheses Theories - General explanations - Imply hypotheses (testable predictions) What makes for a good theory? - parsimonious and summarized many findings - makes clear predictions (hypothesis) * confirm/modify theory * falsifiable * generate new explorations * suggest practical application II. Observational Method A. Naturalistic Observation - Go to natural environment and study behavior (systematic) Advantages - Unobtrusive and the situation is not as contrived Disadvantages - Observations may be biased - Not able to control environment B. Laboratory Observation - Bring P into controlled laboratory and observe behavior; sometimes used in conjunction with exp. method Advantages - Allows more control than naturalistic observation - Use of equipment is permissible
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Disadvantages - Observations may be biased - Behavior not same as natural environment C. Ethnographies – AKA Participant observation - Observe behavior from the inside - Group/cultures Advantages - Info unavailable to outsiders -
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