Chapter 5 - Self-Knowledge

Chapter 5 - Self-Knowledge - Chapter 5: Self-Knowledge...

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02/17/10 02/22/10 Chapter 5: Self-Knowledge I. The Nature of the Self Self-Concept: “Who am I?” - Content of the self; our knowledge about WHO we are - Categories of self-descriptions o Physical, Social (interdependent – I am a son, on the soccer team, etc.), Psychological (adjectives), Holistic (characteristics so vague it can apply to anyone – I am alive, I am human, etc.) o What cultural differences might you expect? Western/individualistic cultures– Psychological Group - Social - Self-schemas – mental structures that people use to organize their knowledge about themselves (also influence what they notice, think about, and remember about themselv - Self-reference Effect – tendency for people to remember information better if they relate it to themselves (e.g., it’s IMPORTANT to come up with personal examples for class) Self-Esteem - What we think about who we are (evaluative) - SE causes us to make Perceptions; NOT Perceptions SE - Is it good to have high SE? o Current evidence suggests that it’s not as good as we may think. o they have fragile SE and may act irrational easier. - Ways to think about SE o Level of SE – What we’ve been talking about (high vs. low) o Stable vs. Unstable – an issue of consistency Unstable – always on edge, always want to validate their SE, people need to tell them they’re great. o Contingent vs. Non-contingent – Is SE contingent on failure/success in life?
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o Based on specific domains – relationships, academics, appearance. II. Motives Driving Self-Knowledge Self-enhancement - Desire to view ourselves favorable Self-presentation - Desire to have others view us favorably Self-verification (need to be accurate) - Desire to have others see us as we see ourselves Swann, De la Ronde, & Hixon (1994) – How do romantic partners want to be viewed? -
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2011 for the course PSYC 2380 taught by Professor Bush during the Spring '10 term at University of Houston.

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Chapter 5 - Self-Knowledge - Chapter 5: Self-Knowledge...

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