Government Note Compilation Exam 2

Government Note Compilation Exam 2 - 01:04 o Keythemes ....

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01:04 Chapter 6 Reading Guide Comparing legislatures o Key themes Proportional representatives v. single member district PR v. SMD Unicameral v. bicameral 17 th  amendment Motion of no confidence Separation of powers Representation of women Quota systems Online activity – comparing legislatures Chapter 6 Matching legislative body with country o Althingi—Iceland  o Bundestag—Germany o Congress—USA  o Diet—Japan  o Duma—Russia  o Knesset—Israel (unicameral)  o Rikstag—Sweden  o Parliament--UK o Sansad—India 
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01:04 Proportional representation
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01:04 Electoral system Voting for parties instead of candidates Representation of parties proportional to vote o Orange Party gets 60% of the vote and approximately 60% of the seats o Maroon Party gets 40% of the vote and approximately 40% of the seats. Orange party’s top 6 candidates get in, Maroon’s top four candidates  get in. Single-member district (what we have in America) Electoral system Vote for person “Winner-take-all” o Orange Party gets 60% of the vote and wins. o Maroon party gets 40% of the vote and loses. Orange party would take all. Bicameral vs. Unicameral Bicameral o Two legislative bodies o Each house may have slightly different responsibilities Example: US House deals with budget bills US Senate deals with confirmation and foreign policy.
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01:04 o Countries with Bicameral: Russia India Unicameral o One legislative body Pros: efficiency Cons: less debate; fewer checks on legislation o Countries with Unicameral Norway Sweden Unicameral Legislature in the US? What are possible implications of a unicameral legislature in the US? o Under the Articles of Confederation, we were a unicameral legislature. o Implications: Laws would pass a lot easier. Population representation issues. 17 th  Amendment Article I, Section 3 – “The Senate of the United States shall be composed of  two Senators from each State chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years;  and each Senator shall have one Vote” (p. 53). Amendment XVII – “The Senate of the United States shall be composed of  two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years;  and each Senator shall have one vote” (p. 75-76). Quota System This set a limit on how many immigrants from each country could enter the  US every year
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01:04 1921 – congress passed the Emergency Quota Act establishing a quota  system o Made it so only 2% of a country’s population could enter the US as  immigrants each year o Mainly meant to limit European immigration and was successful except 
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Government Note Compilation Exam 2 - 01:04 o Keythemes ....

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