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Unformatted text preview: Political Development and the Political Landscape 06:09 o Philosophical Origins and Foundations o Social Contract: An agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed o Ex: Mayflower Compact (1620) combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions, and Officers o Politics: The process of how policy decisions get made o Government: The formal vehicles through which policies are made and affairs of the state are conducted. o Thomas Hobbes Leviathan=all powerful government/governor, one ruler to protect the weak and protect them from themselves, ocean creature One all powerful ruler like the Leviathan or the monarch Protect weak Prevent from nasty, short, brutish. Lives, state of nature Some government is better than no government o John Locke Two questions to consider: o On what did Hobbes and Locke agree? o On what did they disagree? o Preserving natural rights o Instead of one ruler, limited executive: not complete power o Protect property o Rule of Law o o Compare Thomas Hobbes and John Locke o Agree o Disagree o-There needed to be some form of government o-Under what conditions to overthrow the Government o Social Contract Theory people are free and equal by natural right Government requires popular consent Espoused in different forms by both Hobbes and Locke o Read Page 9 more than once o o Government Types and Functions-Categories and Definitions o Monarchy : vests power in one in the interest of all. Absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy. Ex: United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, Jordan o Aristocracy : vests power in a few in the interest of many....
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- Spring '07