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Unformatted text preview: Political Development and the Political Landscape 06:09 o Philosophical Origins and Foundations o Social Contract: An agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed o Ex: Mayflower Compact (1620) “combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid” “Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions, and Officers” o Politics: The process of how policy decisions get made o Government: The formal vehicles through which policies are made and affairs of the state are conducted. o Thomas Hobbes • Leviathan=all powerful government/governor, one ruler to protect the weak and protect them from themselves, ocean creature • One all powerful ruler like the Leviathan or the monarch • Protect weak • Prevent from nasty, short, brutish…. Lives, “state of nature” • Some government is better than no government o John Locke • Two questions to consider: o On what did Hobbes and Locke agree? o On what did they disagree? o Preserving “natural rights” o Instead of one ruler, limited executive: not complete power o Protect property o Rule of Law o o Compare Thomas Hobbes and John Locke o Agree o Disagree o-There needed to be some form of government o-Under what conditions to overthrow the Government o Social Contract Theory • “people are free and equal by natural right” • Government requires popular consent • Espoused in different forms by both Hobbes and Locke o Read Page 9 more than once o o Government Types and Functions-Categories and Definitions o Monarchy : vests power in one in the interest of all. Absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy. • Ex: United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, Jordan o Aristocracy : vests power in a few in the interest of many....
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2011 for the course ADV 318J taught by Professor Murphey during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.
- Spring '07