COM 100 Class Notes

COM 100 Class Notes - COM 100 Class Notes 8/24/10 Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: COM 100 Class Notes 8/24/10 Chapter One: Intro To Human Communication Communication- a social process by which people generate meaning through the exchange of verbal/nonverbal messages Exchange of Messages Symbol- arbitrary label or representation of something o Words (written or spoken) o Signs (stop light, stop sign, shape) Iconic signs- signs that bear some resemblance to the things to which they refer o Male/female restroom sign, animal crossing, handicap, pedestrian crossing, etc Indexical signs- a sign that points to (or indicates) something else it is often connected to o Smoke=fire, crying=sadness Components of Communication Setting- physical environment/situation/context in which communication occurs o Air conditioned room, 400 people, fall in Arizona Participants- at least 2 people involved o Sender (source)- creator/generator of message o Receiver (target)- person who receives message o Field of experience- what theyve done in their lives (age/race/religion/ gender/political view/education level/etc) Message creation- sentences, words, letters, sounds, gestures o Encoding- from the source, anything that is thought/felt that wants/needs to be expressed o Decoding- interpreting messages Channel- how the message is transmitted (voice, microphone, phones, email, texting, skype) Noise- interferes with transmitting messages o Semantic (slang, jargon, specialized language, accents) o Physical (construction, beeping, sounds) o Psychological (emotion) o Physiological (hungry, tired, sick) Feedback- response to a message o Physical (yawn, stretch, note-taking, talking) Linear Message- Sender transmits message through a channel and is received by a receiver with noise in between Interactive Model- Sender has field of experience and sends a message through a channel with noise and is received by receiver with field of experience who gives feedback Transaction Model- Continuous messages sent and received with feedback that influences messages Contexts of Communication Intrapersonal- within yourself Interpersonal- outside or between/ between 2 people (usually face-to-face interaction) Small group- between 3 or more people with a common purpose Organizational- communication that takes place within a strongly defined hierarchy (someone is in charge) Public/Rhetorical- communication from one person to a large group of listeners; generally face-to-face (sermons, classrooms, political speech) Mass/Mediated- communication to a very large audience via mass media (tv, internet, newspaper, radio) Intercultural- communication between individuals with different cultural...
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2011 for the course COM 100 taught by Professor Nakayama during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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COM 100 Class Notes - COM 100 Class Notes 8/24/10 Chapter...

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