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ComClass - Com100ClassNotes 17:27 AmbiguousCommunication

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Com 100 Class Notes 17:27 Ambiguous Communication  Any type of spoken (or written) communication that uses one or more words o  A man like him is hard to find o  all in all, I cannot say enough good thing about this candidate or  recommend her too highly  Language A system for encoding and decoding information It’s symbols (words) are arbitrary  Language is composed of several interrelated parts which work together to  create meanings Components o Phonemes Sound system of language 26 letters, 44 sounds (forks vs dogs) letter S (at vs ate) letter A (9 sounds) Facts: What do the letters F H K P T (and ) have in common? They are whispered letters- you do not use your voice (vocal  chords) if you are saying these letter sounds correctly o Morphemes Smallest units that have an arbitrary meaning in language “boy”
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“s” “im”, “in”, “ir”,” un” (something by adding prefix changes meaning of  word) o Syntax The rules by which we put words together Example: Cliff  likes norm vs norm likes cliff o Semantics The study of meaning Denotative meaning Socially agreed upon meaning of a word (dictionary) Connotative meaning Other/secondary meanings someone may have for a word o Pragmatics The patterns or rules people use in specific situations Direct v indirect speech acts Do you want to go out with me?  Not saying directly yes or no could cause confusion and could  cause being asked again Things that can Affect Language, and Dialect Region  o Geographic region strongly influences peoples language use (different  slang and ways words are pronounced) Dialect o A variation on language based on its vocabulary grammar and  pronunciation
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Age o Can cause different ways of saying things (example, text message short  cuts, TTYL, LMFAO, etc) Education and occupation o Jargon Specialized terms that develop in many professions Verbal Communication, Listening and Perception Leveling/flattening: o The elimination of some details (focus on things that are noteworthy, get  rid of things that are important or things they may believe contradict  something) Sharpening: o An emphasis of other details (things we think are important need to stand  out) Assimilation o Making the story more coherent and interesting to the listeners (rumors,  etc) If something is not in writing, don’t expect the exact word for word response,  things will be missing and changed, someone can remember something word  for word  Listening The active process of assigning meaning to sounds Average college student spends approx 
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2011 for the course COM 100 taught by Professor Nakayama during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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ComClass - Com100ClassNotes 17:27 AmbiguousCommunication

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