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POS Week 5 &6

POS Week 5 &6 - 1 POS360 Weeks 5 and 6 Fall 2010 I...

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POS360 Fall 2010 Weeks 5 and 6 I. MODERNIZATION THEORY A. MODERNIZATION: “THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL CHANGE WHEREBY LESS DEVELOPED SOCIETIES ACQUIRE CHARACTERISTISC COMMON TO MORE DEVELOPED SOCIETIES.” B. POLITICAL CONTEXT: - CONCERN WITH SOVIET UNION AS: * COMMUNISM AS RIVAL MODEL OF ECONOMIC DEV. * PROMOTING REVOLUTION IN T.W. - CONCERN WITH INSTABILITY IN THIRD WORLD * POVERTY & REBELLION C. TENETS OF MODERNIZATION THEORY 1. PROGRESS = BREAK THE CHAINS OF TRADITIONAL SOCIETY - CONTROL OF SOCIAL & PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT - PROCESS COULD BE OBSERVED & MEASURED - ENDOGENOUS FORCES IN MOD. OF THE WEST - EXOGENOUS FORCES NEEDED FOR T.W. - THE WEST AS PROTOTYPE - DUALIST MODEL OF HISTORY 2. ROLE OF GOV’T: SUPPORT PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF MEANS OF PRODUCTION (LAND, LABOR, CAPITAL) D. PATTERN VARIABLES (TALCOTT PARSONS) * TRADITIONAL VS * MODERN > ASCRIPTION >ACHIEVEMENT/MERIT >FUNCTIONAL DIFFUSION >FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICITY >PARTICULARISM > UNIVERSALISM >AFFECTIVITY > AFFECTIVE NEUTRALITY >COLLECTIVISM >INDIVIDUALISM >STATIC >DYNAMIC >COMMUNITIY-ORIENTED >SELF-INTERESTED > PERSONAL AUTHORITY >RATIONALITY & BUREAUCRATIC NORMS >AUTHORITARIAN >DEMOCRATIC 1
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E. STAGES OF ECONOMIC GROWTH (W.W. ROSTOW) * TRADITIONAL SOCIETY * PRE-CONDITIONS FOR TAKE-OFF: EQUILIBRIUM CHALLENGED THROUGH CONTACT WITH MODERN SOCIETIES. HOW?
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