Study Guide #2

Study Guide #2 - Sociology 101 – Sociological...

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 101 – Sociological Perspectives Midterm Study Guide 2 According to Goldman and Longhofer in “Making World Cities,” what are the major characteristics of world cities? Why are these cities more like circuits than like individuals? centers of technology, culture and finance. part of a network or circuit. developing use their world cities to participate in network. centers of economic and infrastructure growth. dependent on cheap labor. Because they are connected and interdependent. How are world cities related to changes in global economic growth and global inequality? Cities are economic centers. They can exploit workers in cities. Usually poorer areas. Corporations are larger and richer. legal trend to grant corporations more rights. easier for corporations to cross borders. stronger corporations can strike harsher bargains. corporations are dependent on world cities. How have changes associated with globalization empowered corporate employers relative to laborers, according to Lerner in “Global Corporations, Global Unions”? With globalization corporations have gained more power. Outsourcing jobs is an example. interconnections of corporations has upped their power. They have outside options. What tactics have labor unions identified to increase their bargaining strength in negotiations with global corporations? Creation of global unions. By eliminating the competition globally, they won’t be outnumbered so they can join forces and make a big impact. What is the difference between “glocalization” and “grobalization,” according to Ritzer in “The Globalization of Nothing”? What is the relationship between each of these forms of globalization and what he calls “something” and “nothing”? Glocalization: The interpenetration of the global & the local, resulting in unique outcome in geographic areas. Grobalization: The imperialistic ambitions of nations, corporations & organizations, and their desire and need to impose themselves on new geographic areas. Something: Specific to one place and can have meaning to that place. Nothing: Is the same everywhere. No particular connection to most places. According to Stacey and Meadows in “Keyword: Family,” what was the original meaning of the word family, and how has its popular usage changed over time?...
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Study Guide #2 - Sociology 101 – Sociological...

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