Study Guide Exam 2

Study Guide Exam 2 - Essays: 1. Develop an essay on P...

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Essays: 1. Develop an essay on Progressivism by addressing the following issues: What was Progressivism? What were its major concerns and its reform agenda to deal with those concerns? What impact did WWI have on its program and how and why did cultural politics come to be so dominant in the 1920s? Progressivism is a political attitude favoring or advocating changes or reform through governmental action. Progressives tend to be more concerned with environmentalism than mainstream liberals. Progressivism is often viewed in opposition to conservative or reactionary ideologies. The Progressive Movement began in cities with settlement workers and reformers who were interested in helping those facing harsh conditions at home and at work. The reformers spoke out about the need for laws regulating tenement housing and child labor. They also called for better working conditions for women. WWI was the zenith of progressivism because the power of the federal government expanded dramatically. The Railroad was nationalized and Industry and Agriculture became regulated by the federal government. The government set quotas on production and the government controlled the wages. This was a progressive idea because the government regulation of the good of the population. The War brought triumph on the home front for the progressive impulse toward social conformity. Following the end of World War I and the freedom from the war-time economy and lifestyle, U.S. politicians focused on the social and cultural issues of the day. People wanted an end to labor problems and racial strife, less immigration, conservative politics, a return to Christian values, and less government interference in their lives. By the 1920s, many Americans had grown tired of war and constant attempts at reform, including numerous attempts to pass moral legislation. Many people longed for a simpler way of life. Warren G. Harding's policy of a "return to normalcy" was an attempt to capitalize on this populist feeling. 2. The 1930s will be forever associated with the New Deal. What was the New Deal – what brought it into being, what stages did it pass through, why was it so closely identified with FDR and the Democratic Party, and how would you evaluate its record in dealing with the crisis of the depression?
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Essays: The New Deal was a series of economic programs passed by the U.S. Congress during the first term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt from 1933 to 1938. The programs were responses to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians call the "3 rs": relief, recovery and reform. That is, relief for the unemployed and poor; recovery of the economy to normal levels; and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression. The New Deal produced a political realignment, making the Democratic party the majority with its base in liberal ideas, big city machines, and newly empowered labor unions, ethnic minorities, and the white South. There was a "First New Deal" (1933) and a "Second New Deal" (1934–36). Some
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2011 for the course HIST 121 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Study Guide Exam 2 - Essays: 1. Develop an essay on P...

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