The Roarie Twenties Paper

The Roarie Twenties Paper - 15 October 2010 Miah Williams...

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15 October 2010 Miah Williams Ross Twele Hist 128 The Roaring Twenties For many Americans, the growth of cities, the rise of a consumer culture, and the so-called "revolution in morals and manners" represented liberation from the restrictions of the country's Victorian past. But for others, the United States seemed to be changing in undesirable ways. The result was a thinly veiled "cultural civil war," in which a pluralistic society clashed bitterly over such issues as foreign immigration, evolution, the Ku Klux Klan, and race. In “A More Perfect Union”, there is evidence that these issues existed and the growth of our nation was occurring. The 1920’s was a decade of profound cultural conflicts and exciting social changes. The conflicts of the 1920s were primarily cultural, pitting a more cosmopolitan, modernist, urban culture against a more provincial, traditionalist, rural culture. The decade witnessed a titanic struggle between an old and a new America. Immigration, race, alcohol, evolution, gender politics, and sexual morality--all became major cultural battlefields during the 1920s. Religious modernists battled religious fundamentalists, those favoring immigration restrictions battled immigrants, and urban ethnics battled the Ku Klux Klan. Before World War I, American industry, steamship companies, and railroads promoted immigration and financed groups opposed to immigration restriction. The United States did institute registration and literacy requirements for immigrants; yet,
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opponents of restriction succeeded in blocking efforts to establish immigration quotas. The coming of so many millions of immigrants into America caused growing alarm among American citizens that the National Origins Act of 1924 established a quota system based on the U.S. population of 1890 and a total cap of 164,000 persons from outside the Western Hemisphere. In document 10 from ‘A More Perfect Union’, representatives from the senate who supported the 1924 act give speeches on immigration restrictions. The first speech given by Mr. Shields of Tennessee states exactly what the American citizens thought of immigration restrictions. Mr. Shields states in the first paragraph that “the great numbers in which they are arriving is a cause of serious alarm and menaces the purity of the blood, the homogeneity and the supremacy of the
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2011 for the course HIST 121 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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The Roarie Twenties Paper - 15 October 2010 Miah Williams...

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